Salmonella Control in the Colombian Pig Industry
In collaboration with Danish partners, Colombia aims to raise veterinary and food safety standards in its pork industry to improve domestic public health and increase its access to pork export markets. Improvements to the regulatory framework and pork production chain practices are needed to reduce hazard contamination such as Salmonella.
Salmonellosis is a genuine human health risk in Colombia. Salmonella has been demonstrated in both Colombian pigs and pork products. In general, pork consumption is regarded a significant risk factor for salmonellosis, which is why Colombian pork producers have limited access to the global market.
No large-scale, effective Salmonella prevention and control mechanisms are implemented in Colombia today, in part because accurate data on the full extent of the problem is lacking. Little is known about actual contamination sources and risk factors ‘from farm to fork’.
There is limited data on Salmonella contamination risks at Colombian pig farms, and how specific practices may contribute. We know even less about such risks at abattoirs, critical points of potential contamination and spread of faecal bacteria. We don’t know which practices to change to reduce Salmonella transmission.
SalPork is a pilot project that will accurately assess Salmonella prevalence across the Colombian pork production chain and identify contamination risk factors at farms and abattoirs. It will calculate the relative contribution of pork consumption to salmonellosis in Colombia. It will design Salmonella control measures tailored to the Colombian industry and test their effectiveness at small scales.
The project’s outcomes will inform future Salmonella surveillance and effective, evidencebased Salmonella control regulations and interventions across Colombia.