Port Efficiency and Public Private Capacity (PEPP)


Start date: 16 January, 2019 End date: 15 January, 2022 Project type: Research collaboration projects in growth and transition countries (Window 2) Project code: 18-M02-AU Countries: Ghana Thematic areas: State building, governance and civil society, Water management and sanitation, Lead institution: Aarhus University (AU), Denmark Partner institutions: University of Ghana (UG), Ghana Project website: go to website Project coordinator: Annette Skovsted Hansen Total grant: 4,997,029 DKK

Project summary

PEPP aims to map and improve approaches to CD for the maritime sector in Ghana in order to enhance the potential of the maritime sector to drive Ghana’s economic growth in a sustainable manner. PEPP focuses on implicit and explicit alliances between public and private entities in shaping capacity development (CD) programs as a result of a constantly changing port service economy at the unique site of Tema Port in Ghana. Public and private stakeholders and researchers often treat CD as an unconditional good. Based on contextual quantitative and qualitative research methods, PEPP will critically investigate the aims, effects, and politics of CD with specific focus on continuities and ruptures in conditions for CD when moving from aid-to-trade. Inspired by disagreements in the literature on the link between efficiency and corruption, PEPP will investigate how intended and unintended shared (mis)understandings of values influence a possible mechanism for standardization of regulations and procedures through partnerships of the Maersk Group, the IMO, and Ghanaian and Danish public servants. PEPP is highly relevant to the Ghanaian maritime sector policies, the Danish strategic sector cooperation with Ghana, Danish companies, and the Danish aid-to-trade strategy for Ghana, which all refer to effective measures to ensure sustainable development through public private partnerships in advancing capabilities in the maritime sector in Ghana. PEPP will contribute to creating new jobs and making temporary jobs permanent in all parts of the Port labor market including HRM, processing of single entry to the port, pilots, inspectors, customs officers, and tugboat masters (SDG 14). PEPP findings will also have implications for quality education at the Anglophone West African Regional Maritime University and other institutions (SDG 4).


First year report
During the first year, we have primarily focused on concrete outputs such as conference participation (EURAM, ECAS, EJARN, and NorDev) to have our initial findings discussed among peers, one stakeholder meeting and two international advisory board meetings to discuss the key concerns at stake at Tema Port and the research design of the project as a whole as well as of specific academic articles. By December 2019, we had prepared drafts of six academic articles (four originally planned, but adapted to concrete findings and collected data, and two additional articles based on unexpected findings). One article on digital transformation was almost ready for submission to the World Customs Journal by the end of 2019.
We launched a project website within the first two months and participated in one media spot on Ghanaian UTV and finished the initial data collection for wp 1, 2, and 3.

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