Aarhus University (AU), Denmark

Building climate-resilience into basin water management

Project summary Anthropogenic activities including illegal and uncontrolled mining and logging have seriously degraded the landscapes of many river basins in West Africa posing significant challenges to sustainable water resources management (WR ...

Building Resilience of Lake Bosumtwi to Climate Change (RELAB)

Climate change is altering lake ecosystem functions and affecting livelihoods of rural communities dependent on the ecological services of climate-sensitive waterbodies. Anthropogenic pressures may undermine ecosystem resilience and amplify human vul ... First-year report: Successful monitoring of climate, lake physics, chemistry and primary productivity of lake Bosumtwi with state-of-the-art equipment have yielded high-resolution data which indicates persistent stratification and incomplete mix ...

Imagining Gender Futures in Uganda – IMAGENU

IMAGENU will provide new perspectives on gender and futures in Uganda by placing marriage and its decline in focus, showing how this fundamental gender relation implicates livelihoods, health, education and people’s future imaginations. It will inves ...

Port Efficiency and Public Private Capacity (PEPP)

PEPP aims to map and improve approaches to CD for the maritime sector in Ghana in order to enhance the potential of the maritime sector to drive Ghana’s economic growth in a sustainable manner. PEPP focuses on implicit and explicit alliances between ...

Building Stronger Universities III – KNUST

Thematic focus areas: 1. Climate-Smart Agriculture and Environmental Management
2. Innovation and Entrepreneurship
3. Health Delivery Systems
4. University-wide Research Support Services and Facilities

Political Settlements and Revenue Bargains in Africa

Over the last decade, a number of countries in Africa have become less dependent on traditional aid as other sources of income have grown. At the same time, the policy priorities of these countries’ governments may be changing. Whereas poverty reduc ... Midterm report: Halfway into the PSRB program, researchers have studied specific revenue bargains in Tanzania, Uganda, Togo and Senegal (the latter two by Aarhus PhD students). The studies are listed on the project website. They include for i ...

Locating Public Finance Dynamics in Education in Nepal

The main objective of this project is to enhance understandings of the causes of corruption within the school education sector in Nepal by analyzing the manner in which differently located social actors interpret meanings and measure moral and legal ... Midterm report 2017: While it will be too early to say definitively about the results in relation to the project objectives and outcomes, this section details the outputs of the various components of the project.

As part of thi ...

Healthcare-Associated Infections in Ghana

Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) comprise one of the most common, significant and preventable patient safety issue worldwide. The challenge of HCAIs in Ghana and other developing countries is estimated to be high but scarcely addressed. We p ... Midterm report 2018: Within the HAI-Ghana project framework, the first national multi-center point prevalence survey was published in 2018 and found an overall rate of hospital acquired infections at 8.2%. The survey further documented broad ...

Xenobiotics and heavy metals in Ghana

The project addresses dispersal and effects of heavy metals and xenobiotic substances in the Ghanaian environment, primarily from rapidly increasing activities in informal economic sectors like artisanal mining (ASM) and management of waste electron ... Midterm report: The background concentrations of mercury in soil across the entire country have been obtained. Mercury concentration of soil from two of the local areas have also been determined. The results indicate that there is widespread ...

Projections of climate change effects on Lake Tanganyika (CLEAT)

Lake Tanganyika is an important ecosystem in eastern Africa, which historically has supported one of the world’s most productive freshwater fisheries. However, stocks of important commercial fish have decreased significantly. Scientific evidence sug ... Midterm report 2017: Since 2015 monthly sampling of water quality data has been done along with training of TAFIRI staff and Ph.D. students in the use of field and laboratory equipment. Operating procedures has been documentation. In 2016, a ...

Ground Water Development and Sustainable Agriculture

This project will strengthen research capacity in Ghana on hydrogeological research and develop an improved understanding of the groundwater resources in the White Volta Basin in Northern Ghana. A groundwater flow model will be developed to support ... Midterm report 2017: Four PhD students have been recruited and are jointly supervised by Northern and Southern Researchers; A conceptual framework of the hydrogeology has been developed and a 3D steady state model has been developed based on ...

Everyday Justice and Security in the Myanmar Transition

This timely project will build research capacity and inform policy interventions by
investigating the production of locally legitimate authority in transitional contexts with contested statehood. This is analyzed through the lens of everyday ... Midterm report 2018: In-depth fieldwork on everyday justice and local authority has been carried out in 17 localities across Karen State (6 sites), Mon State (6 sites), Yangon (2 sites) and in Danu, Pa-O and Naga Self-administered Zones (3 si ...

Building Stronger Universities II – UG

Objectives: The University of Ghana’s mission is “to develop world-class human resource and capabilities to meet national development needs and global challenges through quality teaching, learning, research and knowledge dissemination”. To fu ...

Mobility Grant of Ms Amber Abrams

The Heritage and the Anthropocene (HATA) project was conceived largely in response to the Cape Town water crisis. Pressing issues HATA will research include: people’s relationships to place and history when the environment no longer reliably provide ...

Green Cohesive Agricultural Resource Management (WEBSOC)

The present project proposal wants to promote growth and employment through research on green, cohesive Water, Energy-from-Biomass, Soil, Organics, and Crop (WEBSOC) agricultural management strategies in Ghana, as present agricultural development de ... Midterm report 2016: Present agricultural development in Ghana is dependent on deforestation and show little or no increase in productivity per unit of cultivated land. Also activities in different sectors of the society are not well-integrat ...

Organic Cotton for Employment, Growth and Environment?

We will assess the potential of organic cotton production to improve the livelihoods of millions of poor households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). These households depend on production, trading, or processing of cotton but are at risk of losing their ... Midterm report 2017: We have collected experimental data on yields, environmental impacts and profitability of different cotton production methods and the results are analysed in several working papers in preparation for publication in scient ...

Science and Power in Participatory Forestry (SCIFOR)

With the purposes of improving forest conservation as well as rural peoples’ livelihoods in less developed countries, local communities are increasingly becoming involved in managing forests. Yet, evidence that these purposes are met is scarce, and ... Project Completion Report: SCIFOR examines the justifications, motivations, and role in practical forest management of scientific forestry principles as it unfolds in educative institutions, bureaucracies, and communities and forests – focusi ...

Effects of Climate Change on Volta Lake Resources (VOLTRES)

Africa is very likely to experience higher temperature increases than the rest of the earth during the 21st century. Extreme rainfall events are predicted to increase for West Africa. Climate change (CC) will influence the ecosystem in lakes by chan ... Project completion report: Average air temperature in the Volta Basin (VB) has increased by about 1.6°C in the historic period (1961 – 2005), with an average increment of about 0.35°C/decade. This is expected to further increase by about 1.4° ...

Interdisciplinary Project on Climate change in Tropical Aquaculture (iAQUA)

To understand how global warming will affect tropical aquaculture, we will study how a temperature rise from the current value of 27-32 °C to 32-37 °C will affect physiological performance, food conversion efficiency and growth in air-breathing fish ... Project completion report: The project exceeded most of its objectives. We planned for 1 Danish PhD and 4 Vietnamese, but end up with 2 Danish (due to kind funding from Faculty of Science and Technology at AU) and with 5 Vietnamese PhD. We ai ...

Governing Transition in Northern Uganda: Trust and Land

After decades of war and dislocation to IDP camps, people in Northern Uganda have now returned home. The transition is marred by a pervasive legacy of mistrust in institutions of governance, linked to camp experiences and conflict. This is particula ... Project completion report: Land disputes after the armed conflicts are of various kinds. Disputes between neighbours and kin are rampant in areas where people are resettling after displacement. Some of these tensions play out in relation to g ...

Building Stronger Universities II – KNUST

Objective: The overall objective of the BSU II partnership between the KNUST and the Danish Universities Applicants is to support KNUST in creating an enabling environment for high quality and relevant research; and research-based education t ...

Building Stronger Universities II – SUZA

Objective: The overall objective of this partnership under BSU II is to enhance SUZA’s capacity in terms of research expertise and support systems and facilities to conduct quality research of direct relevance to the needs of Zanzibar society ...

Climate Change Impacts on Outbreak of Brown Plant Hopper and Options for Prevention

The objective of this project is to assess the impacts of climate change (CC) on BPH potential outbreak and to propose appropriate measures to ensure food security and agricultural sustainability in Vietnam. To date, only a limited amount of scienti ... Project completion report: Climate change will have significant impact on the conditions for agriculture around the world. Food security and livelihood of resource-poor farmers in tropical regions will be affected in particular. In Vietnam, o ...

Sustainable production of biogas from waste rice straw (= SubProM project)

The project proposes a simple and low-cost biotechnological process (RSTM process; see 9.2) for the conversion of waste rice straw into biogas. It is proposed that microbial fermentation of waste rice straw could become a significant supplementary e ... Project completion report: Extensive laboratory experiments using batch and semi-continuous reactors were conducted in 2013 and 2014. A large part of these results were published in BSc and MSc project theses, Mr. Nam’s PhD thesis and subsequ ...

Nepal on the move: Conflict, migration and stability

Migration within Nepal, to India and to join the British army have been practiced for generations. However, flows of migration have intensified during the decade of armed conflict. Migrant destinations such as the Gulf countries, Europe, North Ameri ... Project completion report: The project has contributed substantial new knowledge on a range of migration patterns and practices and their societal implications for the development of Nepalese society. This pertains to both internal migration ...

Technological and Market Options for Managing Climate Change Induced Risks for Smallholder Farmers in Northern Ghana

This study aims to undertake an economic analysis of technological, institutional and policy strategies for managing the effects of climatic variability and market risks in smallholder maize-legume systems in the northern regions of Ghana. The overa ... Completion report: Climate change is likely to affect (and is already affecting) the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in many parts of Africa in a negative way. African smallholders are particularly vulnerable to adverse changes in agro-cli ...

The connection between sustainable menstruation management, women’s health and Human Security

Abstract: Menstrual health management (MHM) has long been ignored in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and in development projects. Only recently, the combination of MHM and improvements of educational outcomes has become popu ... Abstract:

Menstrual health management (MHM) has long been ignored in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and in development projects. Only recently, the combination of MHM and improvements of educational outcomes has b ...

Building Stronger Universities II – SUA

Objectives: The long-term ambition and overall objective of the collaboration between Sokoine Agricultural University (SUA) and the consortium of Danish Universities (CDU) is to assist upgrading of SUA to a university with worldwide reputatio ...

Building Stronger Universities II – GU

Objective: The overall purpose of the collaborative programme is to support Gulu University in its efforts to strengthen research capacityat PhD level and research-based education,with a special emphasis on research ‘for community transformat ...

Building Stronger Universities II – KU

Objective: The overall objective of the partnership programme is to strengthen Kathmandu University's (KU) capacity to carry out quality research and PhD education on major social, economic, and technical aspects of societal development in Ne ...

Once we were Warriors: Realizing Resources, Demobilization and Community Resilience Among Former Child Soldiers in Fragile States

In fragile states the potentiality of sustainable peace, livelihoods and civic security are inseparable from the pursuits of political stability and demobilization of networks of terror.  Youth is a particular pertinent group when ensuring sust ... Project completion report: In five contributions, the thesis unfolds how most of the Acholi women and men in the study turned to avoidant coping via responses such as silencing, suppression of vulnerable emotions, distraction (Contribution 2, ...

QUALITREE – research based local tree oil production

Oil products from native trees in West Africa are essential for human diet, medicine and cosmetics, but their potentials are far from fully exploited. QUALITREE aims to reduce poverty by increasing food security and income in Burkina Faso and Mali t ... Project Completion Report: Women in rural Africa traditionally extract oil from the seeds of numerous native trees. QualiTree combined investigations of rural people’s knowledge and analyses of physiochemical properties of oils to improve and ...

The Role of Social Enterprises in Promoting Community Development

Abstract: The academic field of social entrepreneurship has been on the rise for the last 20 years. In the context of development economics, social enterprises are in vogue, and they are claimed to be potentially promising actors in the pursuit ...

My Friend Woman. A Qualitative Study of the United Nations Gender Balancing Strategy Examined Through the Perspectives of Local, Community Women

Abstract: This thesis examines the assumed effects of the United Nations gender balancing strategy seen from a local perspective. More specifically, this is accomplished by placing local, community women at the forefront, letting their perspe ...

Weaver Ants to Control Fruit Fly Damage to Tanzanian Mangoes

This project will evaluate the potential for increasing the income of small scale mango producers in Tanzania by using weaver ants to repel the fruit flies that are responsible for the commercial loss of 40% of their crop. The system works well in A ... Project completion report: This study investigated the effectiveness of weaver ants in protecting mangoes from fruit flies. The study was carried out on the local mango variety ‘Dodo’ grown by small scale farmers in Tanzania.

T ...

Adaptation strategies to climate variability and climate change; Impacts on food security among smallholder farmers in Moshi Rural District, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania: Perceptions, Capacities and Limitations of adaptive strategies

For the coming years, changes in temperature, carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, and precipitation under the climate change scenarios present a challenge to crop production globally. Tanzania like other African countries is and has been impacted by ...
1970-1-01 to 2016-30-08 Tanzania Aarhus University (AU), Denmark, Total grant: 0 DKK

Is early measles vaccination associated with stronger survival benefits than later measles vaccination?”

Abstract: Background . A recent WHO review concluded that there is evidence of beneficial non-specific effects of measles vaccine (MV), the vaccine reducing mortality by more than can be explained by preventing measles infections. Previous stu ...

The influence of HLA-types on disease progression among HIV-2 infected patients in Guinea-Bissau

Abstract:
Artikel resumé: Baggrund : HIV-2 findes primært i Vestafrika, og er karakteriseret ved lavere smitterisiko end HIV-1, grundet lavere virusmængde i blodet. Udviklingen til AIDS sker typisk langsommere ...

What heritage does for conservation: Addressing nature conservation in Kibale National Park from a sustainable heritage management perspective

Abstract: Nature conservation and biodiversity has been a part of the heritage scene since the first national parks were created. National parks are constructs that promotes and protects national heritage around the world, and this construct ha ...

Increasing value of African mango and cashew production

Cashew and mango are high value crops ideal for export and important commodities in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Yet production is severely affected by pests reducing yields and quality. Benin, for example, lost 42% of its mango value to fruit flies in ... Project Completion Report: The results will be presented in relation to project objectives as required by DFC in mail from Bente Ilsøe on behalf of Research á 10. April 2014. Objectives are numbered.

1. Sixteen scientific paper ...

Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of CMV co-infection among HIV Infected Individuals in Guinea-Bissau: A Cross Sectional Study

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) may cause end-organ diseases (EOD) in severely immunocompromised individuals, and figures as an AIDS defining condition in HIV infected individuals. Evidence from high-income countries suggests that C ...

Health literacy needs assessment among HIV-positive youth in Malawi: A qualitative approach A N D Prioritising Health Literacy enhancing action recommendations by HIV-positive youth in Malawi: A community participatory approach inspired by Concept Mapping

Two Abstracts : 1. Health literacy needs assessment among HIV-positive youth in Malawi: A qualitative approach. Background: Although not yet an integrated part of HIV and AIDS related health promotion research and practice in the low-an ...

Mozambique’s Fortune Cookie, An alternative perspective into China’s recent expansion into Mozambique & Sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract: The underlying purpose of this thesis is to present an alternative if not complementary perspective to the most recent wave of discussions regarding China’s expansion into Mozambique and sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)i as it is argued ...

Agroecology and poverty alleviation in Bolivia – BEISA3

The project will strengthen research and human capacity at USFX to support sustainable development in rural areas in Chuquisaca, more specifically in Serranía de Iñao. This region faces increasing problems with deforestation, erosion and depletion o ... Project Completion Report: A significant and long-lasting outcome of the project is the capacity building at USFX. Whereas the research focus previously was on biodiversity and plant biology BEISA3 has changed the research focus to agronomy a ...

Economic exploitation and CO2-sequestration of a native West African tree – a short-cut out of rural poverty


The native tree species P. biglobosa is important both economically and for sustaining livelihoods for rural people in the Sahel. In particular, sale of this resource is important to women, due to the limited labour available to them. Sale o ... Completion Report: The main objective is to improve the livelihood in Burkina Faso through the use of P. biglobosa. The outcomes are: four scientific papers (IV: only results), a planting guide, and two implementation projects.

...

Income Generation through Market Access and Improved Feed Utilization: Production of Quality Beef and Goat Meat (IGMAFU-Meat)

The objective of the project is to improve the research capacity within livestock production at Makerere University, Uganda and Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania, - and at University of Aarhus and University of Copenhagen, Denmark. This is ... Completion Report - Summary:
The following results have been communicated to both the local advisors and the
international audience by meetings, articles pamphlets and film and the documentation can be found at the IGMAFU-meat homepa ...

Pollination strategies to increase productivity

This PhD proposal is about strategies minimizing harmful effects of climate changes and at the same time optimizing fruit production of Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa ssp. paradoxa in Burkina Faso. Both species are traditional multipurpose ... Completion Report - summary: We are providing new knowledge of the efficient pollinators of two important species of fruit trees in Burkina Faso, and this knowledge can be very important in terms of optimising fruit set.

P. big ...

Health Insurance in Ghana and Tanzania: Addressing Equity and Accessibility

The aim of the project is to study the contribution of health insurance schemes to achieving health sector objectives such as access, equity, efficiency, resource mobilisation, risk protection and improvements in health in Tanzania and Ghana. The sp ... Completion Report - Summary: Based on household surveys, patient exit surveys and in-depth interviews in Ghana and Tanzania, the project contributed to the evidence on the impact of health insurance. As expected, health insurance provides fin ...

Changing Human Security: Recovery from Armed Conflict in Northern Uganda

Northern Uganda has been an arena for armed conflict for 22 years; over a million people have been living camps as internal refugees for over a generation. Recently great strides have been made towards peace. However, decades of neglect make resettl ... Project Completion Report: The project has enhanced research capacity at Gulu University significantly. Research included issues of post-IDP camp security, post-conflict demography and heaith issues, social cohesion and forgiveness, and land ...

More than entertainment: popular culture and entrepreneurship among urban youth in Uganda

The project is an investigation of the role of popular culture in young people’s lives in two Ugandan cities. Although the majority of Ugandan youths are faced with uncertain futures and social marginalisation, many are occupied with popular culture ... Project Completion Report: This project set out to describe the seif-fashioning of young artists between popular music and entrepreneurship. Based on 10 months of ethnographic fieldwork among young music artists in urban Uganda (2009-2011), t ...

Sustainable food production through irrigated intensive farming systems in West Africa (SIFA)

The SIFA project aims at developing irrigated high-value vegetable cropping systems in Southwest Africa that are "climate proof". This will be accomplished by introducing water saving drip irrigation systems and new round-the-year cropping systems t ... Project Completion Report: The outeome of the project was:
- Drip irrigation has saved 30% water, decreased the P-load and obtained higher yield compared to the traditional horticultural system, -Differences in the susceptibility to he ...

Effects of temperature and hypoxia on aerobic scope in the giant freshwater shrimps (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) and (Penaeus monodon)

Depending on future CO2 emission scenarios, the average surface temperature is projected to increase 1.1-6.4°C by 2100. Tropical species, compared to many temperate species, are expected to be particularly sensitive to elevated temperatures because ... Project Completion Report: In light of the ongoing climate change, the ability to predict future effects on biota has received much attention, where it has been sought to establish a unifying model granting predictive power to characterize an ...

Health Education, Action Competence and Teacher Training Colleges in Kenya

The project investigates, to which degree Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) in Kenya support or inhibit the implementation of the Education-For-All (EFA) strategy, and to which degree TTC supports or inhibits students teachers’ development of compete ... Project Completion Report: The expected project/ publication and communication/capacity building activities have been carried through as described in the project plan. Project/ publication activities include three articles about health learni ...

Endophytes of Sorghum: A Potential Bio resource for Sustainable Crop Production

BACKGROUND: In Sub-Saharan Africa climate changes are predicted to aggravate constraints to plant production by altering patterns of precipitation. Both increased drought and more frequent periods with intense precipitation (flooding) may directly c ...

Becoming Healthy Again: Reproductive Intentions and ARVs in Uganda

Becoming healthy again: Reproductive Intentions among HIV positive women and men with increased access to anti-Retrovirals in Uganda. Reproductive decision-making is strongly influenced by cultural norms, such as the value of children in a particula ... With increased access to antiretroviral treatment, a growing number of HIV positives are able to live longer and healthier lives and to pursue motherhood aspirations. Medical staff at HIV/AIDS programmes is advising HIV positive women to aviod or po ...

Biodiversity and economically important species in the tropical Andes – A research collaboration between Bolivia, Ecuador, and Denmark

Biodiversity is important for the survival of people. In developing countries – and especially among the poor – dependence is great. Knowledge of native species is therefore essential. Without profound knowledge this resource cannot be managed susta ... 2011: This year was the final phase of the BEISA-2 project and covered an extension period of six month to wrap up the second project phase. The project built research capacity related to sustainable use of biodiversity in Bolivia and made it ...
2007-31-12 to 2012-31-03 Bolivia Ecuador Aarhus University (AU), Denmark, Total grant: 5,185,382 DKK

Climate change and estuarine ecosystems

The project will establish a base line for the ecological functioning of two typical Vietnamese estuaries. The base line will comprise a description of the estuarine ecology including primary production, nutrient dynamics, substance transport to and ... We have fullfilled the goals that we agreed upon in 2010 and as we described in the application. Two female Vietnamese students graduated with high marks in 2011.All results from the project were disseminated during a national workshop at ION in Feb ...

Impacts of Climate Change on Land Use Change in the Red River Delta and its Community Livelihood Change

In a context where Vietnam is considered as one of the most potentially affected by climate change, our project aims to understand the relation between climate change and its impacts to livelihood change of rural community in the Red River Delta (RR ... For climate change modelling,4 Regional Climate Models have been used for dynamically downscaling different Global Climate Models outputs: RegCM3, MM5, REMO and CCAM and these outpus are cross-compared to 20-km resolution product from the MRI/JMAJap ...

O2 requirements of the air-breathing fishes Pangasius hypophthalmus and Channa striatus

The air-breathing fish, Pangasius hypophthalmus and Channa striatus, are two of the most important fish species in the aquaculture of the Mekong Delta in Vietnam. In particular Pangasius aquaculture is in rapid growth and is now a common consumer it ...

Training and Research on physiological constraints in aquaculture in the Mekong

The Mekong Delta (MD) covers approx 12% of Vietnam, but accounts for more than half of the total agricultural production and for more than 60% of its fish production. Aquaculture has become a huge industry of importance both for the domestic market ...

Health Systems Reform and Ethics: Private Practitioners in Poor Urban Neighbourhoods in India, Indonesia and Thailand

This project studied health care provided by private practitioners to inhabitants of selected poor urban neighbourhoods in India, Indonesia and Thailand. In India, the project observed wide variation in types and qualifications of providers, but onl ...

Health Systems Reform and Ethics: The Earthquake in Central Java Province 27 May 2006

This project followed a number of households in earthquake affected areas of Yogyakarta and Bantul to assess impact of the disaster at household level and to assess the ability of disaster mitigation efforts and reconstruction programmes to address ...