State building, governance and civil society

Access-Authority Nexus in Farmer-Herder Conflicts

Project summary The ‘Access-authority nexus in farmer-herder conflicts’ (AAN) project investigates the dynamic processes of formation and erosion of access, identities and authority in spatial and historical perspectives. Through a theoretical l ...

Militarization, sustainable growth and peace in Uganda

Project summary This project on militarisation, sustainable growth and peace in Uganda will examine the concept of militarisation in Uganda and its implications for Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) No. 16 on peace, justice and strong instituti ...

Global Norms and Violence Against Women in Ethiopia

Project summary This project (GLOW) studies the role of global norms in development. It does so through a case study of the global norm on the elimination of violence against women (VAW) in Ethiopia. The norm was originally phrased in the Conven ...

Domestic Security Implications of UN Peacekeeping – D-SIP

Participation of developing countries in institutions of global governance is key to the promotion of peace, security and stability. This project investigates links between UN peacekeeping contributions, domestic security provision and drivers of sta ... First-year report: The project, Domestic Security Implications of UN Peacekeeping in Ghana, has in its first year established a base from which to do the research. Through several meetings and an inception workshop in January 2019 with all team ...

Emerging Epidemics: Improving Preparedness in Burkina Faso

The recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa showed how rapidly an infectious disease can spread within and across borders. The overall ambition of this project is to identify key elements for a ‘smart foresighting system’ for early detection of infectio ... First-year report: The project "EMERGING EPIDEMICS: Improving Preparedness in Burkina Faso" has a strong capacity building component. Three Burkinabe PhD students have been recruited through an open announcement process and all PhD students have ...

Grassroots Innovations for Inclusive Economic Growth

Project summary The project aims to investigate the governance practices, impacts and diffusion of grassroots innovations, which are developing financial and monetary infrastructures for inclusive economic growth (among low-income micro-entrepre ...

Governing Climate Mobility (GCM)

Project summary Understanding the impacts of climate change on human mobility is a serious challenge for the 21st century. We know that climate change shapes socio-economic dynamics in ways that intensify household vulnerability and insecurity. ...

Green Resources Innovations For Livelihood Improvement

The proposed collaborative project titled “Green Resources Innovations for Livelihood Improvement (GRILI)’ will be carried out in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and Manyara region where Synadenium glaucescens, and Commiphora swynnertonii are f ... First-year report While the outcomes are not yet realized the results for specific objectives are: reconnaissance survey and the Inception meeting done involving 8 GRPs value chain actors and 7 stakeholders. 4 PhD students recruited on the areas ...

Imagining Gender Futures in Uganda – IMAGENU

IMAGENU will provide new perspectives on gender and futures in Uganda by placing marriage and its decline in focus, showing how this fundamental gender relation implicates livelihoods, health, education and people’s future imaginations. It will inves ...

Legacies of Detention in Myanmar

Prisons and detention practices play a fundamental role in modern states in general, and authoritarian and post-authoritarian states, in particular. This project explores the historical and contemporary role of detention in Myanmar and its significan ... First-year report 2017: The team’s knowledge of Myanmar has grown through fieldwork and interaction with local stakeholders. The relationship with local partner Justice for All (JFA) has been formalised and a local research team established. The ...

Realising the SDGs: The role of responsible business

Policy-makers have converged around the view that achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires responsible business conduct (RBC), i.e. that businesses meet their “responsibility to respect” human rights by undertaking human rights due ... First-year report: The SDGs assume large-scale private sector support for their realisation. A $2.7 trillion SDG “funding gap” entails the need for business to contribute to fulfilling the SDGs, for instance, via partnerships with development ac ...

Port Efficiency and Public Private Capacity (PEPP)

PEPP aims to map and improve approaches to CD for the maritime sector in Ghana in order to enhance the potential of the maritime sector to drive Ghana’s economic growth in a sustainable manner. PEPP focuses on implicit and explicit alliances between ...

Political Settlements and Revenue Bargains in Africa

Over the last decade, a number of countries in Africa have become less dependent on traditional aid as other sources of income have grown. At the same time, the policy priorities of these countries’ governments may be changing. Whereas poverty reduc ... Midterm report: Halfway into the PSRB program, researchers have studied specific revenue bargains in Tanzania, Uganda, Togo and Senegal (the latter two by Aarhus PhD students). The studies are listed on the project website. They include for i ...

Locating Public Finance Dynamics in Education in Nepal

The main objective of this project is to enhance understandings of the causes of corruption within the school education sector in Nepal by analyzing the manner in which differently located social actors interpret meanings and measure moral and legal ... Midterm report 2017: While it will be too early to say definitively about the results in relation to the project objectives and outcomes, this section details the outputs of the various components of the project.

As part of thi ...

Property, Access and eXclusion (AX)

AX examines how each set of actors along Ghana’s charcoal chain gain or maintain access to benefits. Access, defined as the ability to benefit from things, is controlled and maintained via a broad repertoire of social and structural means including ... Midterm Report: #1: Two PhD studies completed; 
#2: One MPhil completed; 5 more are underway. 
#3: Five journal papers published; 
#4: First AX national charcoal stakeholder forum convened April 2016. Proce ...

Rural-Urban Transformation (RUT): Governance, Mobility, and Economic Dynamics, in Emerging Urban Centres for Poverty Reduction

Since 2000s there has been a growing concern in issues of urbanization and urban poverty. The focus has been on rapid urbanization from rural - urban migration and resulting urban poverty. This extension phase is necessary to inform policy as well a ... Mid-term report: Data collected from all four sites were discussed during a partnership meeting in Morogoro. Data files were shared and guided subsequent studies. Both institutional and non-institutional factors contribute into the timeframe ...

Hierarchies of Rights: Land and Investments in Africa

The main aim of the research program is to analyse how struggles related to large-scale investments into natural resources affect small-holders’ rights to land in Sub-Saharan Africa.
It tests the overall working hypothesis that in developing ... Midterm report 2017 Outputs:
- We have exceeded the 8 working papers we had promised, but the two comparative synthesis papers are pending. The comparative case paper is also outstanding.
- Numerous academic articles single or c ...

Social Protection in the Afghan Context

There is an emerging consensus around the view that social protection provides an effective response to poverty and vulnerability in developing countries. This finding is expressed in the growing number of national governments adopting social protec ... Concerning the results in relation to both the immediate overall objectives and the outputs:
a) Field research in Afghanistan has been carried out.
However, b) the PhD thesis has not yet been handed in (please, see explanation under st ...
2010-31-12 to 2020-30-01 Afghanistan Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Denmark, Total grant: 2,922,480 DKK

Governing economic hubs and flows in Somali East Africa

This research and capacity-building project contributes to a better understanding of key economic and political processes that have shaped state formation in the Somali territories since 1991. The project wants to explain how the daily management of ... Midterm report 2016 GOVSEA consortium was reorganized and strengthened after the University of Nairobi and the Forum for Social Studies in Ethiopia joined us. They host 2 doctoral students as well as Ethiopian senior researchers. Danish resea ...

Science and Power in Participatory Forestry (SCIFOR)

With the purposes of improving forest conservation as well as rural peoples’ livelihoods in less developed countries, local communities are increasingly becoming involved in managing forests. Yet, evidence that these purposes are met is scarce, and ... Project Completion Report: SCIFOR examines the justifications, motivations, and role in practical forest management of scientific forestry principles as it unfolds in educative institutions, bureaucracies, and communities and forests – focusi ...

Governing Transition in Northern Uganda: Trust and Land

After decades of war and dislocation to IDP camps, people in Northern Uganda have now returned home. The transition is marred by a pervasive legacy of mistrust in institutions of governance, linked to camp experiences and conflict. This is particula ... Project completion report: Land disputes after the armed conflicts are of various kinds. Disputes between neighbours and kin are rampant in areas where people are resettling after displacement. Some of these tensions play out in relation to g ...

REDD+, -the forest grab of all times?

Forests play an important role for the livelihoods of poor people in developing countries. Yet, the poor often lack legal rights to the forest resources that they depend on. This renders them highly vulnerable to loss of access and displacement when ... Project Completion Report: Thirty peer-reviewed scientific papers has been published in international journals. Moreover, nine scientific papers have been published in national journals, mostly Open Access. In addition four book chapters has ...

Fragile futures: Rural lives in times of conflict

The West African region receives increased international attention due to its fragile security situation. Conflicts in neighbouring countries now also threaten the peace and stability in Burkina Faso. Recently, security issues have emerged in the no ... Project completion report: ’Fragile Futures: Rural Lives in Times of Conflict’, is a five-year collaborative project between the University of Ouagadougou, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS) and the University of Copenhagen. ...

Nepal on the move: Conflict, migration and stability

Migration within Nepal, to India and to join the British army have been practiced for generations. However, flows of migration have intensified during the decade of armed conflict. Migrant destinations such as the Gulf countries, Europe, North Ameri ... Project completion report: The project has contributed substantial new knowledge on a range of migration patterns and practices and their societal implications for the development of Nepalese society. This pertains to both internal migration ...

Once we were Warriors: Realizing Resources, Demobilization and Community Resilience Among Former Child Soldiers in Fragile States

In fragile states the potentiality of sustainable peace, livelihoods and civic security are inseparable from the pursuits of political stability and demobilization of networks of terror.  Youth is a particular pertinent group when ensuring sust ... Project completion report: In five contributions, the thesis unfolds how most of the Acholi women and men in the study turned to avoidant coping via responses such as silencing, suppression of vulnerable emotions, distraction (Contribution 2, ...

Stabilizing Kenya by solving Forest related Conflicts (STAKE)

Kenya is riddled with conflict associated with instability, as evident in the widespread violence after the national elections 2007. Much of the violence took place in rural areas, where conflict and competing claims over natural resources appear cl ... Completion report 2016: Besides having obtained (most of) the expected results in terms of research results, with a few deviations caused by unhappy incidents like passing away of a dear colleague, we have managed to break the barrier between ...

Social and Environmental Resilience in Upland Areas of Vietnam. Responses in Land Use and Livelihood Strategies

The proposed PhD-research addresses the issue of vulnerability in relation to climate change in upland areas of Vietnam and views vulnerability and resilience as determinants of adaptive capacity. The overall objective of the PhD is to investigate t ... Completion Report - Summary: The research included an assessment of the impact of land use changes in two municipalities by examining the long-term changes linked to the expansion of acacia production and the interplay between land use change ...

Masculinity, sexuality and HIV/AIDS in Zambian prisons

The spread of HIV/AIDS is deeply embedded in socio-economic realities of poverty and inequality. This research aims to shed light on experiences of incarcerated men, a group who are routinely overlooked in prevention efforts and yet are extremely vu ... Project Completion Report:   Research question:
How do incarcerated men survive imprisonment psychologically and socially, and how do sexual relations play into this struggle for survival?

 3 working quest ...

Strategies of (in)coherent lives. Youth between security and development in Uganda

The project focuses on how urban youth form and act out livelihood strategies in the fragile region of Karamoja in Uganda. Uganda is internationally considered a stable state, however Karamoja has a status as a "special" region due to its immense po ... Completion Report - Summary: Karamoja region in the Northeastern part of Uganda is no longer as fragile a region as it used to be. The general security situation has improved after decades of more or less succesfull disarmament procedures. In ...

People Speaking Back? Media, Empowerment and Democracy in East Africa (MEDIeA)

MEDIeA’s analytical challenge is to understand the ways and means in which youth as ordinary citizens engage with civil society driven media and communication platforms and what socio-cultural and political outcomes this may have. The core inquiry o ... Completion Report - Summary: The research outcomes have been gathered in the above mentioned outputs of books, articles, chapters and the two PhD dissertations, in addition to many presentations at international conferences.

Em ...

Rural-Urban Complementarities for the Reduction of Poverty (RUCROP): Identifying the Contribution of Savings and Credit Facilities

People increasingly organize their livelihood activities and strategies by straddling rural and urban locations. Personal, institutional and organizational links are established and enhanced across space which provides rural and urban living to comp ... Completion Report - Summary: RUCROP explored the role of rural-urban complementarities in reducing poverty and provides important insights into the complex and diverse transformation processes from being rural villages to becoming emerging ur ...

Biofuels Development in Ethiopia

Rising oil prices, the need for energy independence, improving rural livelihoods, and concerns with climate change have led to a revived interest in investing in large-scale biofuel production in Africa. However, there are many inter-related concern ... Completion Report - Summary: The main objectives of this project are: (i) to identify the key factors that contributed to the failure (lack of implementation) of large-scale biofuel projects; (ii) to examine sugarcane productivity o ...

Health Insurance in Ghana and Tanzania: Addressing Equity and Accessibility

The aim of the project is to study the contribution of health insurance schemes to achieving health sector objectives such as access, equity, efficiency, resource mobilisation, risk protection and improvements in health in Tanzania and Ghana. The sp ... Completion Report - Summary: Based on household surveys, patient exit surveys and in-depth interviews in Ghana and Tanzania, the project contributed to the evidence on the impact of health insurance. As expected, health insurance provides fin ...

Youth and employment: the role of entrepreneurship in African economies (YEMP)

Lack of employment opportunities for young people is directly hindering development in sub-Saharan African countries. Entrepreneurship is increasingly considered to be important for economic growth but little is known about how best to support youth ... Project Completion Report - Summary:
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) studies, which build on a large quantitive data set, have revealed how Ghana, Uganda and Zambia have some of the highest entrepreneurship rates in the world but ...

Ex-combatants in South Sudan

This project explores the socio-economic effects of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration programs for ex-combatants in fragile post-conflict situations.  The aim of the project is to determine empirically whether the provision of socio ... Completion report - summary: The project explored the socio-economic effects of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration programs for ex-combatants in fragile post-conflict situations. The aim of the project was to determine empirically ...
2011-31-12 to 2014-14-05 Sudan Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Denmark, Total grant: 2,265,019 DKK

Changing Human Security: Recovery from Armed Conflict in Northern Uganda

Northern Uganda has been an arena for armed conflict for 22 years; over a million people have been living camps as internal refugees for over a generation. Recently great strides have been made towards peace. However, decades of neglect make resettl ... Project Completion Report: The project has enhanced research capacity at Gulu University significantly. Research included issues of post-IDP camp security, post-conflict demography and heaith issues, social cohesion and forgiveness, and land ...

More than entertainment: popular culture and entrepreneurship among urban youth in Uganda

The project is an investigation of the role of popular culture in young people’s lives in two Ugandan cities. Although the majority of Ugandan youths are faced with uncertain futures and social marginalisation, many are occupied with popular culture ... Project Completion Report: This project set out to describe the seif-fashioning of young artists between popular music and entrepreneurship. Based on 10 months of ethnographic fieldwork among young music artists in urban Uganda (2009-2011), t ...

Land Management System and its Associated Problems in the Process of Developing Satellite Cities in Dar es Salaam

This project is about the future of urban Tanzania. It will investigate the dynamics of the land management system, urban governance and leadership in order to find out how an improved relationship of these variables can contribute to the present an ... Project Completion Report - Summary:   The results indicated that (a) Experts for managing land are not enough in Dar es Salaam and towns of Tanzania(b) Master Plans in Dar es Salaam and many towns are not participatory and outdated cau ...

The Politics Within Politics: The Fear of Loss and Hope of Gains at Dhaka University

This project explores how governance, politics and authority operate in present day Bangladesh. The project centres on the sites of incubation of political leaders and state servants - the youth in student politics. The aim is to explore the interpl ... Project Completion Report: The research show that political motivated violence is engrained jn party politics and that this violence and the threat of violence is constitutive for the operation of organized recruitment and mobilization of you ...
2008-31-08 to 2013-30-06 Bangladesh DIGNITY - Danish Institute Against Torture, Denmark, Total grant: 401,186 DKK

Decentralisation and Local Governance of Land in Africa. Land Reform Implementation and Citizen Participation in Tanzania

Improved tenure security can help improve food security for the 75% of the world’s poor who live on the countryside and depend on access to land. The project investigates implementation of decentralised land administrations, which is a key element i ... Project Completion Report: The project has aimed to research the implementation of Tanzania's land reform from 1999 in rural areas. The reform is one among a series of similar reforms that have been introduced to streamline land legislation, ...

Poverty Alleviation as a Platform for Elite Configuration? The case of the cotton sector in Benin

It is commonly assumed that African elites are not oriented towards change and propoor economic growth. Rather, African political relationships and development are often seen to be embedded within political, bureaucratic and economic networks, chara ... Project Completion Report: The study argues that major reforms and development initiatives, such as the reforms of the Beninese cotton sector, have both intended and unintended consequences, and that the latter may be more siginificant than t ...
2008-30-09 to 2013-14-02 Benin Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Denmark, Total grant: 2,539,248 DKK

Participatory forest management (PFM) for rural livelihoods, forest conservation and good governance in Tanzania.

Over the last decade, the government of Tanzania has increasingly supported delegation of management rights over forest resources to local communities through participatory forest management (PFM). This has created a pressing need for further resear ... Project Completion Report: This project investigated whether and to which degree the concept of participatory forest management (PFM) in Tanzania has delivered on its triple objective; (i) forest conservation, (ii) improved rural livelihoods ...

Generations and social activism: new forms of youth organisation in Egypt

This PhD project investigates a new and emergent form of youth activism in Egypt. Lately, a growing number of young Egyptians have started to engage in society in order to solve youth-related problems and contributing to social reform and developmen ... Project Completion Report: The project has explored processes of subjectivity formation and development of generational consciousness among a group of young Muslim volunteers in Cairo engaged in society through Resala, a large Muslim NGO. Fol ...

Economic Governance and Development in Vietnam and Mozambique

This research programme is an inquiry into: (i) why two developing countries, Vietnam and Mozambique, have achieved exceptionally high and consistent annual rates of economic progress for more than 15 years, (ii) whether the benefits of growth were ... Project Completion Report: The Economic Governance and Development in Vietnam and Mozambique research program was an inquiry into (i) why two developing countries, Vietnam and Mozambique, have achieved exceptionally high and consistent annual ...

Catholic responses to the AIDS epidemic in Uganda

This PhD project is a study of three Catholic organisations in Uganda involved in providing ‘treatment, care and support’ to people living with HIV/AIDS. Based on ten months’ fieldwork in different types of Catholic AIDS projects in Kampala and Arua ...

Hunting for the benefit of Joint Forest Management and Locally-based Monitoring in Tanzania

This project investigates the outcome of Joint Forest Management (JFM) and Locally-based Monitoring (LBM) in two locations in the Udzungwa Mountains of the Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot in Tanzania. Project outcome is evaluated in relatio ...

Health Systems Reform and Ethics: Private Practitioners in Poor Urban Neighbourhoods in India, Indonesia and Thailand

This project studied health care provided by private practitioners to inhabitants of selected poor urban neighbourhoods in India, Indonesia and Thailand. In India, the project observed wide variation in types and qualifications of providers, but onl ...

Health Systems Reform and Ethics: The Earthquake in Central Java Province 27 May 2006

This project followed a number of households in earthquake affected areas of Yogyakarta and Bantul to assess impact of the disaster at household level and to assess the ability of disaster mitigation efforts and reconstruction programmes to address ...