Diabetes and associated complications in HIV patients

Info

Start date: 1 April, 2016 End date: 31 March, 2022 Project type: South-driven projects (prior to 2017) Project code: 16-P01-TAN Countries: Tanzania Thematic areas: Health, Lead institution: National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Tanzania Partner institutions: University of Bergen (UiB), Norway  Shree Hindu Mandal Hospital, Tanzania Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS), Tanzania London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark Project website: go to website (the site might be inactive) Project coordinator: George PrayGod Total grant: 9,862,824 DKK

Project summary

The goal of the study is to generate data demonstrating that HIV patients have higher burden of diabetes in order to stimulate development of policies which will help optimize prevention and care of diabetes in HIV patients.

Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is increasing rapidly in low-income countries and HIV-infected patients initiate ART much earlier. As a result, these patients have prolonged life spans and, hence, longer HIV and ART exposure. Emerging data from high-income countries suggest HIV and ART may increase the risk of Diabetes Mellitus (DM). However, there is limited data on these links in SSA. The lack of these data prevents efforts to improve DM care in HIV programmes in SSA. We plan to study the link between HIV, ART and other risk factors on pre-DM and DM and associated complications and explore if these links are explained by inflammation, dyslipidemia, and excessive adiposity in HIV patients.

We propose to invite participants from two existing HIV cohorts recruited between 2006-2011, and recruit new smaller HIV cohort, all with a total of 640 HIV+, 1035 HIV-, and 670 HIV+ on ART participants to study these associations, and explore if such associations are explained by chronic inflammation, dyslipedemia, and ART-associated changes in body composition.

At baseline and end of one and two years, data on pre-DM and DM and risk factors and complications will be collected. Blood samples will be collected for glucose testing, assessment inflammatory markers and kidney functions. In addition, body composition will be measured using anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance analyser. Data collected at beginning of the two existing cohorts as well as in the two years follow-up will be used to address study objectives. Analysis will use regression models to control for multiple confounding.

Data generated on the links between HIV and ART and DM in SSA will be used by the Ministry of Health to optimize prevention, and clinical care of DM in HIV patients. To strengthen research capacity, the study will train 2 PhD and 1 MSc students, and provide laboratory equipments to NIMR laboratory to enhance DM and HIV research.

Outputs

Extra Midterm Report

The goal of the study is to generate data demonstrating that HIV patients have higher burden of diabetes in order to stimulate development of policies which will help optimize prevention and care of diabetes in HIV patients. We invited participants from two existing HIV cohorts recruited between 2006-2011, and recruited new smaller HIV cohort, all with a total of 640 HIV+, 1035 HIV-, and 670 HIV+ on ART participants to study these associations, and explore if such associations are explained by chronic inflammation, dyslipedemia, and ART-associated changes in body composition.

At baseline and end of one and two years, data on pre-DM and DM and risk factors and complications were collected. Blood samples were collected for glucose testing, assessment inflammatory markers and kidney functions. In addition, body composition was measured using anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance analyser.

Until June 2021, the study was on writing phase. Already 4 papers were published and several at different stages of the publication. 6 abstracts were presented at both national and international conferences and workshops. To strengthen research capacity, the study is training 2 PhD and 1 MSc students, and has provided laboratory equipment to NIMR laboratory to enhance DM and HIV research.

Go back to all projects