Tanzania

Everyday Humanitarianism in Tanzania (EveryHumanTZ)

Project summary Since an upsurge of unrest in Burundi in 2015, 258,000 refugees have crossed into Tanzania, making it the largest recipient of Burundian refugees in the East African region. Tanzania currently hosts 317,000 refugees in three camp ...

Enabling best possible childbirth care in Tanzania

Project summary Unsafe care at birth is a human rights violation negatively impacting gender equality. Globally, 300,000 women and 5 million babies die annually around birth. With proper care, most would survive. Therefore, clinical guidelines p ...

Crowdfunding for Youth Entrepreneurship in Tanzania

Project summary The literature highlights some of the limitations of traditional debt financing as a response to the youth entrepreneurs’ financing needs. Funding becomes a matter of friends and family, and local dealers all represent a limited ... First year report Objectives: To promote the sustainability of youth–led businesses and startups through increased access to crowdfunding. It is expected that by the end of C4YET, youth entrepreneurs will be empowered with knowledge and skills ...

Halting the dual Tuberculosis & Diabetes Epidemic

Emergence of dual tuberculosis (TB)/diabetes mellitus (DM) epidemic threatens health and progress in sub-Saharan Africa. Interventions for these and other epidemics are managed in disease vertical programmes while various communicable and non-communi ... First-year report: Outputs: We have registred two PhD students and one post-doc. We have created materials for TB-DM course for front-line health care providers It’s a two package course - one for the mentors (standardised care package) and one ...

Environmental sustainability of hotels on Zanzibar

Tourism is one of world’s largest economic sectors, generating 9.8% of global GDP and 284 million jobs to the global economy in 2015. However, the sector has also been criticized for operating in an unsustainable manner, impacting natural resources a ... First-year report With the increased international and national attention to the importance of the UN Sustainable Development Goals for future economy, environment, livelihoods and health, the implementation of the EnSuZa project is considered v ...

Green Resources Innovations For Livelihood Improvement

The proposed collaborative project titled “Green Resources Innovations for Livelihood Improvement (GRILI)’ will be carried out in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and Manyara region where Synadenium glaucescens, and Commiphora swynnertonii are f ... First-year report While the outcomes are not yet realized the results for specific objectives are: reconnaissance survey and the Inception meeting done involving 8 GRPs value chain actors and 7 stakeholders. 4 PhD students recruited on the areas ...

Agricultural Investors as Development Actors? (AIDA)

Like agricultural investors from other non-African countries, Danish farmers and institutional investors are increasingly attracted by the invitations extended by African governments to invest in agriculture as well as by the encouragement they recei ... Midterm report 2018: AIDA has established an overview of Danish agricultural investments in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and the associated investors. Close to 100 investments, involving more than 150 Danish investors, have been identified. On this ...

Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Prevention in Tanzania

The natural history of Human papillomavirus (HPV) in sub-Saharan Africa is not yet fully understood and information about how HIV together with other risk factors interacts with HPV acquisition and HPV persistence/clearance is warranted. Additionall ... Midterm report 2017: 4063 women were recruited at ORCI and KCMC. Questionnaire interviews as well as collection of cervical samples for care HPV testing, ThinPrep and VIA was done. 75.0% (n = 3039) of recruited women were seen during 1st foll ...

Informal worker organisation and social protection

This project will investigate emerging collective forms of informal worker organisation in the Global South (focusing on Kenya and Tanzania) and their implications for social protection. Rather than seeing a decrease in informal work due to globaliz ...   Midterm report: -Primary mapping of the three sectors.
-First engagement with key stakeholders in Kenya and Tanzania 
-Extensive Literature reviews conducted on the three sectors in Kenya and Tanzania as well as ...

Political Settlements and Revenue Bargains in Africa

Over the last decade, a number of countries in Africa have become less dependent on traditional aid as other sources of income have grown. At the same time, the policy priorities of these countries’ governments may be changing. Whereas poverty reduc ... Midterm report: Halfway into the PSRB program, researchers have studied specific revenue bargains in Tanzania, Uganda, Togo and Senegal (the latter two by Aarhus PhD students). The studies are listed on the project website. They include for i ...

Access to Health Services for Key population in Tanzania

HIV/AIDS has rolling back decades of socio-economic development in Sub Saharan Africa. While there are indications of declining HIV infection rates in the general population, men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW) and people who i ... Midterm report 2018: Key population are at higher risk of HIV and Hepatitis B and C infection and substantial proportion practice risk behaviours. Awareness and access to preventive and curative health services is poor. Stigma, violence, disc ...

Diabetes and associated complications in HIV patients

The goal of the study is to generate data demonstrating that HIV patients have higher burden of diabetes in order to stimulate development of policies which will help optimize prevention and care of diabetes in HIV patients. Access to antiretro ... Midterm report Preliminary results show that of those recruited, 59% (1,157) were females and the mean age was 41 years. The overall prevalence of diabetes was 13% by glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test and 6% by oral glucose tolerance test ...

Projections of climate change effects on Lake Tanganyika (CLEAT)

Lake Tanganyika is an important ecosystem in eastern Africa, which historically has supported one of the world’s most productive freshwater fisheries. However, stocks of important commercial fish have decreased significantly. Scientific evidence sug ... Midterm report 2017: Since 2015 monthly sampling of water quality data has been done along with training of TAFIRI staff and Ph.D. students in the use of field and laboratory equipment. Operating procedures has been documentation. In 2016, a ...

The Timber Rush: Private Forestry in Village Land

A little known timber rush is going on in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania primarily driven by domestic investments. Recent reports and government project documents estimate that private forest plantations are increasing fast and that the large pr ... Midterm report 2018: Objective 1:
Two PhD students enrolled in PhD studies at SUA and UoC Fieldwork completed and researchers have published articles and are still working on other manuscripts for publication
Output # 1

Rural-Urban Transformation (RUT): Governance, Mobility, and Economic Dynamics, in Emerging Urban Centres for Poverty Reduction

Since 2000s there has been a growing concern in issues of urbanization and urban poverty. The focus has been on rapid urbanization from rural - urban migration and resulting urban poverty. This extension phase is necessary to inform policy as well a ... Mid-term report: Data collected from all four sites were discussed during a partnership meeting in Morogoro. Data files were shared and guided subsequent studies. Both institutional and non-institutional factors contribute into the timeframe ...

Hierarchies of Rights: Land and Investments in Africa

The main aim of the research program is to analyse how struggles related to large-scale investments into natural resources affect small-holders’ rights to land in Sub-Saharan Africa.
It tests the overall working hypothesis that in developing ... Midterm report 2017 Outputs:
- We have exceeded the 8 working papers we had promised, but the two comparative synthesis papers are pending. The comparative case paper is also outstanding.
- Numerous academic articles single or c ...

New Partnerships for Sustainability (NEPSUS)

New and more complex partnerships are emerging to address the sustainability of natural resource use in developing countries. These partnerships variously link donors, governments, community-based organizations, NGOs, business, certification agencie ... Midterm report: Sustainability partnerships can be very important in view of balancing communities’ needs to access natural resources and the long-term availability of these resources for future generations and to ensure proper conservation. ...

Enhancing Productivity, Market Access and Income of Small Farming Businesses in Tanzania: Potentials and Limitations in Contract Farming

The project portfolio for phase 2 consists of three separate sub-projects that all are nourished by research findings from phase 1. The three sub-projects are tied together by emerging or changing contractual systems, the overarching issue examined ... Midterm report 2016 As indicated in the project status above, during 2015 the main focus was on capacity building for PhD students, proposal development and conduct of field surveys for all three sub-projects. For Objective 1 and Output ...

Innovations and Markets for Lake Victoria Fisheries (IMLAF)

The proposed project titled “Innovations and Markets for Lake Victoria Fisheries” (IMLAF) will be carried out in the Lake Victoria basin of Tanzania. Its main objective is to catalyze socio-economic growth through expansion of markets for Nile perch ... Midterm report 2017: a)There is high level of income inequalities between processors and traders; imperfect competitive market, market is less efficient; existing business model is the advance financing through social capital; main processing ...

Organic Cotton for Employment, Growth and Environment?

We will assess the potential of organic cotton production to improve the livelihoods of millions of poor households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). These households depend on production, trading, or processing of cotton but are at risk of losing their ... Midterm report 2017: We have collected experimental data on yields, environmental impacts and profitability of different cotton production methods and the results are analysed in several working papers in preparation for publication in scient ...

Science and Power in Participatory Forestry (SCIFOR)

With the purposes of improving forest conservation as well as rural peoples’ livelihoods in less developed countries, local communities are increasingly becoming involved in managing forests. Yet, evidence that these purposes are met is scarce, and ... Project Completion Report: SCIFOR examines the justifications, motivations, and role in practical forest management of scientific forestry principles as it unfolds in educative institutions, bureaucracies, and communities and forests – focusi ...

Water resilient green cities for Africa

The urban population in Africa will triple to 1.2 billion by 2050 and cause massive challenges for the management of urban areas (UN-Habitat, 2010). The water challenge is exacerbated by climate change which will increase flood and drought risks and ... Project completion report: The project explored options and barriers for water resilience by using urban green infrastructure as a climate change adaptation stragey (LSM) in Addis Ababa and Dar es Salaam. In the first year the project team se ...

The Impact of Violence on Reproductive Health Tanzania and Vietnam (PAVE)

This project begins from the assumption that to advance sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), intimate partner violence (IPV) must be addressed. Research shows that violence against women is associated with significant SRH problems and t ... Project Completion Report: In Tanzania and Vietnam, all data collection has been carried out according to plan. The PAVE project data sets include detailed epidemiological information about pregnant women’s exposure to intimate partner violen ...

Whole Genome Based Diagnostics and Investigations of Infectious Diseases

The advancement of genome technologies holds great promise for improving the quality and speed of public health laboratory investigations, and for decreasing their cost. The latest genome DNA sequencers are now suitable for routine use in public hea ... Project completion report: The project had the following expected outcomes:

1. Education of 2 PhD-students in sequencing technology.
BOTH SUCCESSFULLY DEFENDED IN 31st May 2019.

2. Implementation of the mo ...

Valorizing Green Growth in Africa (VALOR)

Africa has untapped potential for creating monetary value from origin products in the same way ham from Parma and other highly valuable EU agricultural origin food products registered with ‘protected’ Geographical Indications (GIs) add 15 billion Eu ...
Project completion report:

5 articles published in international peer reviewed journals, 1 PhD thesis published, 1 PhD thesis in press, at least two further PhD theses submitted, in addition two international journal manuscr ...

Building Stronger Universities II – SUZA

Objective: The overall objective of this partnership under BSU II is to enhance SUZA’s capacity in terms of research expertise and support systems and facilities to conduct quality research of direct relevance to the needs of Zanzibar society ...

Successful African Firms and Institutional Change (SAFIC)

The project investigates how and why African firms are able to be successful in changing business and institutional environments. The project will identify strategies that lead to sustained firm performance and seek to explain these firms’ success b ... Project Completion Report: Knowledge: The project has enhanced the understanding of economic growth and employment through new knowledge on firm development in the African private sector in Tanzania, Kenya and Zambia. The project has influenc ...

Productivity and Growth in Organic Value-chains (ProGrOV)

The growing organic sector is an example of private/market led development. The rationale for the project is that organic agriculture has the potential to improve yields and natural resource management and link farmers to high value markets for impr ... Project completion report:
ProGrOV has strengthened the research-based knowledge for supporting increased productivity and sustainable growth in organic production and value chains, and built capacity for future development of organic agric ...

Development of malaria vaccines

Malaria is responsible for an overwhelming disease burden and deployment of effective malaria vaccines would lead to major health gains, especially among most vulnerable groups: young children and pregnant women in rural areas. Tanzania and Denmark ... Project completion report: The main aim and long term aim of this project was to develop new vaccines to malaria. The work proceeded along the normal rute for new medicinal products. The work was divided into a Discovery phase (discovery of n ...

Urban and Peri-urban Livestock Farming in Tanzania and Environmental and Health Challenges

Urban and peri-urban livestock farming pose immense threat to public health, environment, animal health and welfare. The pilot phase provided significant findings, however, some impact-bearing tasks have not been accomplished in the pilot phase. ... Project completion report: Mitigation studies have shown that number of harmful bacteria can be reduced in manure by simply piling up in air and in four weeks manure is safe to touch. This was proved by using bacteria found in manure. Another ...

The connection between sustainable menstruation management, women’s health and Human Security

Abstract: Menstrual health management (MHM) has long been ignored in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and in development projects. Only recently, the combination of MHM and improvements of educational outcomes has become popu ... Abstract:

Menstrual health management (MHM) has long been ignored in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and in development projects. Only recently, the combination of MHM and improvements of educational outcomes has b ...

Building Stronger Universities II – SUA

Objectives: The long-term ambition and overall objective of the collaboration between Sokoine Agricultural University (SUA) and the consortium of Danish Universities (CDU) is to assist upgrading of SUA to a university with worldwide reputatio ...

Study 1) Influence of postpartum depression on child growth: A cohort study | AND | Study 2) Intimate Partner Violence among Pregnant Women and Exclusive Breastfeeding: A Cohort Study

Abstract for study 1: Influence of postpartum depression on child growth: A cohort study:
  To assess the impact of postpartum depression on child growth in a Tanzanian birth cohort. -----

Abstract for st ...

Weaver Ants to Control Fruit Fly Damage to Tanzanian Mangoes

This project will evaluate the potential for increasing the income of small scale mango producers in Tanzania by using weaver ants to repel the fruit flies that are responsible for the commercial loss of 40% of their crop. The system works well in A ... Project completion report: This study investigated the effectiveness of weaver ants in protecting mangoes from fruit flies. The study was carried out on the local mango variety ‘Dodo’ grown by small scale farmers in Tanzania.

T ...

Safe Water for Food (SaWaFo)

Production of foods requires water and climate changes will further aggrevate the problems with limited fresh water resources in many African countries. Agriculture in the future will depend on the use of low quality water for irrigation, in particu ... Project Completion Report: The project had a total of seven objectives. Output of the research were student thesis and publications. The outcomes are likely to include improved agricultural practices and formulation of policy to ensure the pr ...

Building Stronger Universities II – KCMUC

Overall objective: Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KCMUCo) undertakes highly relevant high quality research which is actively disseminated and shared with key stakeholders and which enhances quality of graduate and postgradu ...

Securing rural livelihoods through improved smallholder pig production in Mozambique and Tanzania (SLIPP)

The SLIPP project aims to improve community food security in Mozambique and Tanzania by fostering optimal smallholder pig production model systems. The project is an extension of previous Danish-funded projects in the two countries which informed th ... Project completion report: Food safety and security is challenging in rural areas of south-eastern Africa particularly when it comes to good quality protein. There has been an increase in pig production by smallholder farmers in Angónia distr ...

Growing Innovative Entrepreneurs through Action Research in the Agribusiness Value Chains in Tanzania

This project focuses on creation of  innovative and growth oriented entrepreneurs in the processing and distribution of dried fruits and vegetables to contribute to both, reduction of  post harvest losses and creation of more employment av ... Project completion report: Scientific output: we envisaged to publish a minimum of five scholarly article in various areas. These were the publications activity 2016:

1. Mongi, R.J., Ndabikunze, B.K., Wicklund, T., Chove, L.M., ...

Adaptation strategies to climate variability and climate change; Impacts on food security among smallholder farmers in Moshi Rural District, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania: Perceptions, Capacities and Limitations of adaptive strategies

For the coming years, changes in temperature, carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, and precipitation under the climate change scenarios present a challenge to crop production globally. Tanzania like other African countries is and has been impacted by ...
1970-1-01 to 2016-30-08 Tanzania Aarhus University (AU), Denmark, Total grant: 0 DKK

Internet access and use in rural Tanzania

Abstract: Ensuring access to the internet for individuals in all parts of the world has been an important priority for country governments and development institutions in decades. The reason is that individuals on the wrong side of the so-calle ...

Smallholders’ Narratives of Land Conflict – In the Context of Large-Scale Investments

Abstract: Attracting large-scale investment is an integral part of Tanzania’s current land development policies, of which the Southern Agriculture Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) is the latest initiative. This study questions the SAG ...

IINVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ATTITUDES, INTENTION AND ILLEGAL GRAZING BEHAVIOR IN THE SERENGETI ECOSYSTEM USING THE THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR

Abstract: Protected areas (PAs), the cornerstones of biodiversity conservation, have often had adverse social impacts on local communities due to evictions, human-wildlife conflicts and restrictions on access to natural resources. The link betw ...

ANALYSING PROTECTED AREA-PEOPLE RELATIONS IN COMMUNITIES BORDERING THE SERENGETI ECOSYSTEM, TANZANIA: A CONSERVATION CASE STUDY IN WELL-BEING IMPACTS AND ATTITUDES

Abstract: Protected areas (PAs), the cornerstones of biodiversity conservation, have often had adverse social impacts on local communities due to evictions, human-wildlife conflicts and restrictions on access to natural resources. The link betw ...

Social enterprises in the solar industry: what are effects on women’s empowerment in Tanzania?

Abstract: This thesis investigates the empowering and disempowering impacts of the social enterprises Little Sun and Mobisol on their female sales agents. Moreover, the paper seeks to find out explanatory mechanisms that may explain the impact ...

An organisational study of the Tanzania Women Chamber of Commerce (TWCC) revolving around women business owners and institutional change

Abstract: Background: In Tanzania, women business owners are seen as important contributors to economic development. However, the women experience many challenges such as harassment and lack of business skills, and as a consequence they canno ...

Productivity, Market Access and Incomes for Small farming businesses through Contracts

One of the recent innovations and new approaches for addressing the problem of market access and inadequate farm income amongst smallholder commercial farmers in developing economies is the development of integrated systems of agricultural productio ... Completion report: Resuts for Objectives 1 and Output 2:

Sources of technical efficiency included proper usage of improved seed varieties; timely undertaking of farm activities (land preparation, planting, weeding, fertilizer a ...

Increasing value of African mango and cashew production

Cashew and mango are high value crops ideal for export and important commodities in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Yet production is severely affected by pests reducing yields and quality. Benin, for example, lost 42% of its mango value to fruit flies in ... Project Completion Report: The results will be presented in relation to project objectives as required by DFC in mail from Bente Ilsøe on behalf of Research á 10. April 2014. Objectives are numbered.

1. Sixteen scientific paper ...

Prevention of Taenia solium through electronic health education

Abstract: Taenia solium is a zoonotic tapeworm. Specific health education is among the control tools for this parasite. A health education tool called ‘The Vicious Worm’ (TVW) regarding T. solium was introduced in Mbeya, Tanzani ...

A Comparative Fate Study of the Diesel Associated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Polychaete Worm, Marphysa Macintoshi in Coastal Sediment: Combined Field and Laboratory Experiments.

Abstract: The level and fate of diesel oil-associated pollution in coastal marine sediment was investigated along the coastline of Chake-Chake bay at Wesha, Pemba, in Zanzibar-Tanzania; following a long-term discharge of the residual diesel ...
1970-1-01 to 2015-31-07 Tanzania Roskilde University (RUC), Denmark, Total grant: 0 DKK

Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources and Agriculture – and Adaptation Strategies in Tanzania (CLIVET)

Objectives: The overall objective is to contribute to the knowledge and capabilities of Tanzania to encounter the impacts of climate change and to develop best strategies to adapt to these changes, particularly as they relate to water resources and ... Completion Report - Summary:

2014 has had two main activities: The Final International conference held in Sept. 2014 in Dar es Salaam, with participation of app. 50 invitational scientists. The submission of the 3 PhD thesis's, whic ...

People Speaking Back? Media, Empowerment and Democracy in East Africa (MEDIeA)

MEDIeA’s analytical challenge is to understand the ways and means in which youth as ordinary citizens engage with civil society driven media and communication platforms and what socio-cultural and political outcomes this may have. The core inquiry o ... Completion Report - Summary: The research outcomes have been gathered in the above mentioned outputs of books, articles, chapters and the two PhD dissertations, in addition to many presentations at international conferences.

Em ...

Operational research to support and enhance lymphatic filariasis control efforts in Eastern and Southern Africa

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a disabling disease resulting from a mosquito-transmitted parasitic infection. It is one of the most prevalent of the Neglected Tropical Diseases, primarly a disease of the poor, and has recently been recognized by the W ... Completion Report - Summary: The project aimed to support LF control efforts in Zambia and Tanzania, through
operational research and capacity building. Activities within the four work-packages started in 2010, with locally registered ...

Rural-Urban Complementarities for the Reduction of Poverty (RUCROP): Identifying the Contribution of Savings and Credit Facilities

People increasingly organize their livelihood activities and strategies by straddling rural and urban locations. Personal, institutional and organizational links are established and enhanced across space which provides rural and urban living to comp ... Completion Report - Summary: RUCROP explored the role of rural-urban complementarities in reducing poverty and provides important insights into the complex and diverse transformation processes from being rural villages to becoming emerging ur ...

Improving efficacy and safety of TB and HIV treatment by nutritional supplementation

The two infectious diseases: Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV are closely linked with crowding, poverty and under-nutrition. The severe wasting seen with both diseases, and more so if co-infecting patients, may affect the absorption of drugs and conversion ... Completion Report - Summary: The prognosis of HIV-infected patients has improved dramatically in recent years but mortality remains high, particularly within the first few months of therapy. Malnutrition is a strong independent predictor of d ...

Income Generation through Market Access and Improved Feed Utilization: Production of Quality Beef and Goat Meat (IGMAFU-Meat)

The objective of the project is to improve the research capacity within livestock production at Makerere University, Uganda and Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania, - and at University of Aarhus and University of Copenhagen, Denmark. This is ... Completion Report - Summary:
The following results have been communicated to both the local advisors and the
international audience by meetings, articles pamphlets and film and the documentation can be found at the IGMAFU-meat homepa ...

Changing natural habitats under future climates

Forest ecosystems are increasingly under threat from climate and land use changes and degradation. Conservation and sustainable use strategies could include the diversification of agricultural landscapes, restoration of degraded landscapes and conse ... Completion Report - Summary: Eastern Africa has a wide range of rich natural habitats, which offer invaluable services and products. These habitats and their species are, however, under pressure due to land use changes, human population press ...

Health Insurance in Ghana and Tanzania: Addressing Equity and Accessibility

The aim of the project is to study the contribution of health insurance schemes to achieving health sector objectives such as access, equity, efficiency, resource mobilisation, risk protection and improvements in health in Tanzania and Ghana. The sp ... Completion Report - Summary: Based on household surveys, patient exit surveys and in-depth interviews in Ghana and Tanzania, the project contributed to the evidence on the impact of health insurance. As expected, health insurance provides fin ...

Assessment of a computer-based Taenia solium education tool ‘The Vicious Worm’ in Mbeya Region, Tanzania

Abstract: Taenia solium is endemic in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and South-East Asia. There is a lack of knowledge regarding T. solium in endemic countries and it has shown to be a risk factor for the transmission ...

Evaluation and optimization of the Circulating Cathodic Antigen (CCA) cassette test for Schistosoma mansoni, in rural areas of Tanzania

Abstract: There is a need for diagnostic techniques which are sensitive, specific, rapid and easy to perform at the point-of-care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the Circulating Cathodic Antigen (CCA) casset ...

Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas: Looking to Local Communities as the Key for Sustainable, Green and Smart Development

Abstract: Tanzania is dependent on revenue from tourism, a sector that can only thrive if conservation efforts to protect its prized ecosystems and species rich biodiversity are taken on. Efforts have resulted in securing a variety of protected ...

Agribusiness entrepreneurship in Tanzania

Donor agencies and developing country governments have started to target agroindustry private sector development and agribusiness. Entrepreneurship, innovation, and change have become major imperatives for enhancing sector performance and stimulatin ... Completion report - Summary: Although entrepreneurship has started to receive much support, very few entrepreneurs manage to successfully grow their organizations. This project supported a PhD study to empirically investigate this problem by ...

Why is REDD+ the answer and what was the question? A critical analysis of forest policy discourse in Tanzania

Abstract: This thesis explores and compares two periods of policy discourse on the problem of deforestation and forest degradation (D&D) in Tanzania, when two different solutions were being piloted: Participatory Forest Management (PFM), fr ...

The impacts of tobacco processing companies’ financial support of primary societies on rural development in the major tobacco growing area of Tabora Region

Abstract: This thesis investigates the impacts of tobacco processing companies’ financial support of primary societies on rural development in the major contract farming tobacco growing area of the Tabora Region. To do so the theory of Gl ...

The crucial need of urban open spaces in the adaptation to climate change

Abstract:
Major climate change hazards, such as urban flooding, are affecting African cities like Dar es Salaam, and there is an urgent need to find solutions to these changes.
This study is associated with the partnership research ...

Exploiting African Seed Treatment Technology

Sorghum grown from farm saved seeds is a major crop in the drought-threatened region of Sahel. A recent small scale study made by the applicant institutions in Burkina Faso hasdocumented >25% increase in sorghum grain yield by treating farm-saved ... Project Completion Report: 1) We have had been able to show that the use of a simple plant extract for seed treatment of a stable crop, Sorghum, in Burkina Faso has a positive effect on yield (17% on average). This yield  increase is com ...

Land Management System and its Associated Problems in the Process of Developing Satellite Cities in Dar es Salaam

This project is about the future of urban Tanzania. It will investigate the dynamics of the land management system, urban governance and leadership in order to find out how an improved relationship of these variables can contribute to the present an ... Project Completion Report - Summary:   The results indicated that (a) Experts for managing land are not enough in Dar es Salaam and towns of Tanzania(b) Master Plans in Dar es Salaam and many towns are not participatory and outdated cau ...

The emergence of contract farming in central Tanzania – A case study on farmers, local businesses and their economic relations in rural Dodoma, Tanzania

Abstract: Since the liberation reforms in African countries in the 80’s and 90’s, contract farming has gained increased attention as a policy instrument that can bring capital to smallholder farmers as well as attracting foreign inv ...

Wired mothers – use of mobile phones to improve maternal and neonatal health in Zanzibar

The study aims to examine the beneficial impact of use of mobile phones for health care on maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, and to seek innovative ways to ensure access to skilled attendance at delivery through an intervention called “ ... Project Completion Report: Applying mobile phones in healthcare is increasingly prioritized to strengthen healthcare systems in Sub-Saharan Africa. We evaluated the association between a mobile phone intervention and use of essential maternal ...

Development of Enterprise in Solar Drying of Fruits and Vegetables for Employment Creation

Enterprise development in food processing with support from science base in food science and technology, nutrition and business management. Overall objective is to fill the knowledge gap on how to develop successful entrepreneurs in the food chain i ... Project Completion Report - Summary: The project managed to identify appropriate drying technologies for fruit, vegetable, spices, root and tubers. it established a practical training ans research centre for food drying, product development a ...

REDD-PLUS – Inclusion of degradation in baselines

Developing countries are preparing for the next global climate regime to follow the Kyoto protocol in 2012 and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhancing forest carbon stocks (REDD-PLUS) was recognised at COP 15. To d ... Project Completion Report: This PhD project investigated new ways to estimate carbon emissions from forest degradation in dry forest in Tanzania by use of satellite imagery and spatial analysis. The major anthropogenic degrading activities at ...

Transforming smallholder livestock farms into profitable enterprises (Acronym: Livestock Enterprises).

Smallholder livestock is a potential driver of economic growth in Tanzania. This is recognized in the National Strategy for Livestock Development, the National Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction and the Business Sector Support Program. Based ... Project Completion Report: Livestock is a resource for development in Tanzania, however, depending on transition from subsistence farming into more commercially orientated farms. This project has build research capacity in Tanzania in areas o ...

Decentralisation and Local Governance of Land in Africa. Land Reform Implementation and Citizen Participation in Tanzania

Improved tenure security can help improve food security for the 75% of the world’s poor who live on the countryside and depend on access to land. The project investigates implementation of decentralised land administrations, which is a key element i ... Project Completion Report: The project has aimed to research the implementation of Tanzania's land reform from 1999 in rural areas. The reform is one among a series of similar reforms that have been introduced to streamline land legislation, ...

The tax exemptions of aid agencies and the institutional capacity of Tanzania Revenue Authority

Abstract
The thesis is based on a qualitative single-case study in Tanzania. The research data comprises twenty-one semi-structured interviews with governmental aid agencies (donors) and public authorities in Tanzania conducted between Apr ...
 

Leakage in relation to community based forest manaement (CBFM) in Tanzania

Abstract
Decentralization of forest management has developed across the world as a response to the unsustainable exploitation of forests. The assumption behind is that forests are better managed if the local forest users are involved in ma ...

Assessment of the efficacy of a VAR2CSA based vaccine to prevent malaria in pregnant women

Malaria is the cause of severe maternal anaemia and is responsible for about one third of preventable low birth weight babies. It contributes to the deaths of an estimated 10,000 pregnant women and up to 200,000 infants each year in Afica alone. At ... Annual Report 2012: Protection to the clinical symptoms of placental malaria is acquired along parity suggesting that it is feasible to make a vaccine against placental malaria. In this project we have produced a single domain of the parasite ...

Options for landscape based stormwater management and green infrastructure within urban areas in develoment countries – a case study of an informal settlement in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Abstract: Many developing countries are challenged by the negative impacts of climate change. In Tanzania the rain intensity is projected to increase This will create high risks of flooding especially in the urban centers. Dar es Salaam, Tanzan ...

Opportunities and challenges in peri-urban livestock farming in Tanzania

The main goal of the proposed project is to build research capacity in areas needed to improve and modernize peri-urban farm production and make it more efficient and profitable with a view to eradicate poverty and promote the health and welfare of ... Project Completion Report - Summary: The project provided significant findings on the existence of pathogenic bacteria, problems related to animal waste disposal, problems related to animal feed quality control and prevalence of diseases of e ...

Improving Prevention and Diagnosis of Active Childhood TB in Tanzania

Children are dying from tuberculosis, even though it is a disease, which can be prevented and cured. WHO estimates that up to 400.000 children a year die from TB yet children have been largely neglected in TB programmes. The reasons why children hav ... The project has described the challenges and constraints of diagnosing childhood TB in a resource limited area with endemic TB and a high prevalence of malnutrition and HIV and has assessed the performance of Quantiferon-TB Gold In-Tube, a paediatri ...

Monitoring the Environment of Mount Kilimanjaro region and its association with Climatic Changes

This project will investigate environmental changes in the Kilimanjaro region. The main objectives of this research will involve activities in the area of Atmospheric circulation and meteorological information recording, downscaling of models for th ... Project Completion Report - Summary: The public need to understand that results indicate that melting of glacier continue and will continue to affect the Kilimanjaro glacier. This is due to the fact that weather condition indicates variation ...

Research and Capacity Building Related to Medicines for Major Health Problems in Tanzania (malaria, TB, and HIV)

Effective drugs remain essential for the control of diseases like malaria and HIV where effective vaccines are not (yet) available; or when preventive measures alone may not be available, acceptable or practicable. New antiretroviral drugs (ARV) bec ... Project Completion Report: The project has built research capacity around use of medicines for major health problems in Tanzania: Malaria and HIV, and on how they may interact. A remark- able decline in malaria in the study area was found and ...

Participatory forest management (PFM) for rural livelihoods, forest conservation and good governance in Tanzania.

Over the last decade, the government of Tanzania has increasingly supported delegation of management rights over forest resources to local communities through participatory forest management (PFM). This has created a pressing need for further resear ... Project Completion Report: This project investigated whether and to which degree the concept of participatory forest management (PFM) in Tanzania has delivered on its triple objective; (i) forest conservation, (ii) improved rural livelihoods ...

Development of PfEMP1 based malaria vaccines

PfEMP1 are a class of parasite proteins expressed on the surface of Plamosium falciparum-infected erythrocytes, where they function as adhesion receptors interacting with a range of host tissue ligands. Tissue adhesion of infected erythrocytes is a ... Project Completion Report: During this project we have: developed the first vaccine to protect women for pregnancy associated malaria planned to undergo clinical testing with the next years, defined the parasite proteins which precipitates se ...

Livelihoods Intransition: Effects of Rural-urban Linkages on Rural Livelihoods in the Rural Hinterlands of an Emerging Urban Center. A Case Study from Kipaduka Village, Tanzania.

Abstract This thesis assesses the effects of the development in an emerging urban center (EUC) on its rural hinterlands. A case study approach is applied using the concept of livelihoods to analyze the effects on the lives of the inhabita ...

Primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer in Tanzania

Accounting for more than 50% of all new female cancer cases, cervical cancer is the most common malignancy in Tanzania. Many of these cancer cases could be avoided through primary (vaccination) or secondary prevention (screening). When it comes to p ...

What is the role of local and central government in promoting sustainable urban agriculture? The cases of Dar es Salaam and Copenhagen

ABSTRACT
As a multifunctional activity and land use, urban agriculture supports a variety of social, economic, political, environmental, and health objectives, like urban greening and food security. However, it is often left out of urban p ...

Elites, Production and Poverty. A comparative study

Elites, production and poverty (EPP) is a collaborative research program launched in 2008. It brings together research institutions and universities in Bangladesh, Denmark, Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda and is funded by the Danish Consultat ... 2011: EPP has made considerable progress in terms of contributions to theoretical and empirical knowledge about the conditions in which elites support productive sector initiatives - the politics of production for short.. EPP has also be ...

Association between Fruit and Vegetables eating habits and practices in relation to the prevalence of diet related chronic non-communicable diseases in Zanzibar, Tanzania

Abstract
Obesity, diabetes, some cancers and hypertension are diet-related Non-
Communicable Diseases (NCDs). NCDs are the leading cause of deaths in
developed countries and account for approximately one-third of deaths in ...

The potential of Bambara Groundnut Genetic Resources

Bambara groundnut is an African legume grown in a variety of agro-ecological environments. It has an underground pod development similar to groundnut. The crop is considered drought resistant and appreciated as a local source of food. Apart from its ... Project Completion Report: Bambara groundnut is an African legume grown in a variety of agro-ecological environments. The crop is drought resistant and appreciated as a local source of food and plays a particular role in food security. In the ...

Watermelons for life: The potential of indigenous African genetic resources

Genetic resources of indigenous plant species are important for crop and diet diversity. Watermelon originates from Africa, and indigenous genetic resources have potential both as a source of protein and fat (seeds), carbohydrates, fibres and vitami ...

A population genomics approach to assessing the impact of climate change on the evolution and dynamics of East African bovids

The objective of the project is to assess the impact of climate change on the demographic history, i.e. population size changes in African bovids and to infer the distribution of genetic lineages through time and space. The output is expected to inc ... The project has provided important insights into the history of large African mammals within the last 100,000 years. Notably, we have assessed the effect of past climate change and human activities on a key species, the African buffalo. This reveale ...

Enhancement of research capacity to control and manage bacterial plant diseases in Eastern Africa

Project LIFE- 731: The primary objective is to strengthen the capacity of partner institutions in Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique to conduct research on control and management of bacterial diseases of plants and seeds and to disseminate resea ... OVERALL OBJECTIVES:
To strengthen the capacity of partner institutions in Uganda, Tanzania and Mozambique to conduct research in control and management of bacterial diseases of plants and seeds and to disseminate research findings for the b ...

Health systems: Nutritional interventions to high-risk groups in low-income countries

The aim of the project is to improve nutrition and health among vulnerable groups, such as women and children, and patients with HIV and tuberculosis (TB), by developing and testing nutritional interventions that can be provided within the health sy ... The aim of the project was to improve nutrition and health among vulnerable groups, such as women and children, and people with HIV and tuberculosis (TB), by developing and testing nutritional interventions that can be provided within the health sys ...

Ectoparasites on pigs and farmers’ practices in relation to the infestations and diseases in Mbeya Region, Tanzania

Abstract
This study was carried out from May to August 2011 in the Mbeya Region, Tanzania with a cross-sectional design in order to describe the management practises and the ectoparasitic distribution and diversity within confinement and f ...

Inheritance, Heritability and Heterosis in the Scarlet Eggplant

Abstract The Scarlet eggplant ( Solanum aethiopicum L.) is an important vegetable crop all across sub-Saharan Africa. It belongs to the same Solanaceae subgenus as the more popular brinjal eggplant or aubergine ( Solanum melongena L.). So far ...

Hunting for the benefit of Joint Forest Management and Locally-based Monitoring in Tanzania

This project investigates the outcome of Joint Forest Management (JFM) and Locally-based Monitoring (LBM) in two locations in the Udzungwa Mountains of the Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot in Tanzania. Project outcome is evaluated in relatio ...

Hydrological modelling and water assessment in the Nyaluhanga catchment in the south-western part of Tanzania

Abstract
Tanzania faces numerous challenges with regards to water resources and water management due to predicted climate changes and increased demographic development. Fully distributed hydrological models, such as MIKE SHE, are effective ...

Oral health in HIV/AIDS – strengthening the prevention of HIV/AIDS in Africa

The aim of this project is to analyse the "double burden" of oral disease in children/orphans and adults in Tanzania and Burkina Faso, as related to HIV/AIDS. Moreover, the project will highlight the potential role of schoolteachers and oral health ...

Inter-locked crises, competing value chains, and food security in Africa

The inter-locking of three crises (food, energy/climate change and financial crises) is affecting the configuration of food and biofuel value chains and access to food in Africa. The impact of high international food prices on product ...

Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources and Agriculture – and Adaptation Strategies in Tanzania (CLIVET)

Objectives: The overall objective is to contribute to the knowledge and capabilities of Tanzania to encounter the impacts of climate change and to develop best strategies to adapt to these changes, particularly as they relate to water resources and ...

Monitoring Matters: Comparative Analysis of Innovative Approaches

Monitoring of natural resources and resource use by professional scientists is often costly and hard to sustain, especially in developing countries, where financial resources are limited. Moreover, such monitoring can be logistically and technically ...

Improving Smallholder Pig Production and Health in Eastern and Southern Africa

The tape worm Taenia solium is transmitted from pigs (cysticercosis: encysted larval stages) to humans (taeniosis: adult tape worm) through undercooked or raw pork. The adult worms excrete eggs that may in turn infect pigs. However, if humans inadve ...

From Smallholder Subsistence Livestock to Small Enterprises: Preparatory Phase

This small project was granted to allow scientist from Tanzania (Sokoine University of Agriculture and Open University of Tanzania) and Denmark (University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Sciences) to prepare a project application for a research capac ...