Political Settlements and Revenue Bargains in Africa

Start date
August 1, 2016
End date
July 31, 2021
Project code
16-03-AU
Countries
Total grant
7,284,756
Contact person
Anne Mette Kjær
Description

Over the last decade, a number of countries in Africa have become less dependent on traditional aid as other sources of income have grown. At the same time, the policy priorities of these countries’ governments may be changing. Whereas poverty reduction and social service provision were highly prioritized around the turn of the millennium, focus is shifting towards infrastructure and industrial policy. Declining aid dependence and more country ownership over policy are clearly desirable. However, we know little about how the changes in the composition of revenue providers affect bargaining over revenue and ultimately, public policy. Revenue bargaining processes are inherently political. They are affected by the countries’ political settlements and electoral pressures. This proposed research builds research capacity through exploring how formal and informal revenue bargains affect public policies. As a joint team of legal experts, political scientists, sociologists and economists, we provide policy-relevant understanding of the political economy of tax and revenue bargaining in least developed countries, and Uganda and Tanzania specifically. Our main hypothesis is that changes in the relative power of revenue providers will lead to a change in the policy priorities of national governments. We explore this by combining a macro-historical comparative study of Uganda and Tanzania over time with a micro-level study of the politics of specific instances of revenue bargaining.

Outputs

First-year report:

For 2016, we wanted to recruit the ph.d students, launch the project with a workshop in Aarhus, initiate partnership agreement processes, do initial literature search and start writing the conceptual working paper. we also wanted to set up a project website-We have done all that (except the website but that will come soon), as indicated in the attached logframe.