Rural-Urban Transformation (RUT): Governance, Mobility, and Economic Dynamics, in Emerging Urban Centres for Poverty Reduction
Since 2000s there has been a growing concern in issues of urbanization and urban poverty. The focus has been on rapid urbanization from rural - urban migration and resulting urban poverty. This extension phase is necessary to inform policy as well as development agents on strategies to facilitate the growth and governance of Emerging Urban Centers. From previous findings evidence show that mobility and associated rural-urban linkages have a poverty reducing effect in both rural and urban. Growth of population as well as economic activities in emerging urban centres require good governance for deliberate planning and management for growth. A recent study in Tanzania emphasized the importance of mobility and secondary towns in reducing poverty. That 1 out of every 2 people that escaped poverty moved to non farm activities in secondary towns. Our previous study (RUCROP) emphasize the importance of agriculture for financing establishment of non-farm businesses and farm businesses.
Data collected from all four sites were discussed during a partnership meeting in Morogoro. Data files were shared and guided subsequent studies. Both institutional and non-institutional factors contribute into the timeframe for the transformation process from rural setting, to a “formal” township authority. Institutional factors include “written” steps required to go through the process. These are defined procedure to facilitate transformation. Non-institutional factors relate to the question “when?”; the time frame these procedures take place. The governance practices guiding land, water and waste management are not an explicit part of the “transformation process”. The initiatives lie on the respective responsible authorities offering the service. EUCs, attract businesses and employment opportunities. Awareness among communities and policy makers of the existing opportunities in EUCs is of priority for further development of EUCs and poverty reduction.