Since 2000s there has been a growing concern in issues of urbanization and urban poverty. The focus has been on rapid urbanization from rural - urban migration and resulting urban poverty. This extension phase is necessary to inform policy as well as development agents on strategies to facilitate the growth and governance of Emerging Urban Centers. From previous findings evidence show that mobility and associated rural-urban linkages have a poverty reducing effect in both rural and urban. Growth of population as well as economic activities in emerging urban centres require good governance for deliberate planning and management for growth. A recent study in Tanzania emphasized the importance of mobility and secondary towns in reducing poverty. That 1 out of every 2 people that escaped poverty moved to non farm activities in secondary towns. Our previous study (RUCROP) emphasize the importance of agriculture for financing establishment of non-farm businesses and farm businesses.
Mid-term report 2016:
Joint project survey was conducted in four project sites. The result of the survey data analysis will guide in-depth studies to be conducted by PhDs and senior researchers. Preliminary results show that there are institutions (local government, central government, and non- government organization), policies, laws and by-laws that facilitate rural-urban transformation. However, coordination between them is limited. Subsequent field work will provide further knowledge for possible governance practices, institutional setup, and coordination possibilities to ensure that priority issues in EUCs are addressed during the transformation. The knowledge will contribute to further development of businesses, business networks and employment opportunities for improving livelihoods in EUCs. This will complement government initiatives including the current planned initiative for identification of special planning areas as well as programme for detailed planning for village and trade centres to mention just a few.