Property, Access and eXclusion (AX)
AX examines how each set of actors along Ghana’s charcoal chain gain or maintain access to benefits. Access, defined as the ability to benefit from things, is controlled and maintained via a broad repertoire of social and structural means including rights (property), authority, coercion, stealth, or identity-based privilege. Understanding these processes and means is a prerequisite for any prescription aiming at equitable natural resource benefit sharing. AX investigates access, and its converse, exclusion how they are established, maintained and lost. It also analyzes the environmental sustainability of charcoal production as it is shaped by access relations. In Ghana, woodfuels provide for 64% of the primary energy consumption and some 450,000 people produce, transport and market charcoal as their primary occupation. AX strengthens research capacity through three embedded PhD studies, closely coordinated with senior staff from Ghana and DK. To link research, policy and practice, AX establishes two district-level charcoal platforms and a national stakeholder forum to share and discuss research findings and further their application. AX identifies how means of access and exclusion shape current distribution of benefits in this sector. It provides the basis for the design of equitable natural resource policy and practice. This project will hone access analysis as a means for guiding the design of natural resource benefit sharing arrangements.
#1: Two PhD studies completed;
#2: One MPhil completed; 5 more are underway.
#3: Five journal papers published;
#4: First AX national charcoal stakeholder forum convened April 2016. Proceedings of national forum published. Second national forum November 2017 (report published); Community level forum and district level forum implemented September 2018 (reports to be published shortly);
#5: Outlines for the five policy briefs have been discussed. The drafts of the policy briefs will be prepared and discussed in the project team in first half of 2020;
#6: Co-organization of forest and livelihood conference in October 2018;
#7: Special Issue: ’Access revisited’ published in Society and Natural Resources;
#8: End of conference conference in 2020;
#9: Course work tailored to students’ research topics completed (all three PhD students); research proposals completed (all three PhD students).