As the global climate change regime moves ahead towards 2020, there will be increasing investments related to climate change mitigation and adaptation in poor countries. Ensuring that the most adequate technologies are selected and that they are diffused and used in such a way that the outcome is better living conditions for the population is a major challenge.
This project studies two specific low-carbon technologies solar photovoltaic and wind power and it takes as its starting point the role international sources of knowledge can play for Kenya. It will explore whether or not actors originating from China have the potential to provide particularly relevant low carbon technologies that bring benefits to the poor in Africa as compared to actors from Denmark and Germany. As the next step it will study what kind of public policies, institutional settings and participatory organizational forms are necessary to realize such a potential and thereby contribute to fulfilling the sustainable energy for all imperative. The project will combine quantitative analysis including use of survey data with qualitative analysis and case studies. Interactive learning with policy makers and other stakeholders is an integral part of the project design.
Midterm report 2017:
1) The IREK policy analysis and stakeholder survey shows limited attention to renewables and capability development in the field.
2) Our disaggregated approach to the analysis of solar and wind in Kenya has proven useful.
3) Chinese produced small solar PV systems hold a considerable part of the market in Kenya and SSA, but Chinese large scale projects are few compared to total no. of large scale projects.
4) IREK has successfully advocated for changes in e.g. the Energy Bill, but whether this will lead to actual policy changes remains to be seen. Presentation to the Kenya Energy Parliamentary Committee (See Good Story) and a stakeholder workshop in early 2018 are major contributions to the fullfillment of outcomes 1 and 2. Outcomes 3 and 4 are being addressed on a continuous basis through the various project interactions. Status on outputs (working papers, reports, policy briefs; articles in international journals, presentations and interactions with academic fora and stakeholders) can be found in Annex 2c.