Environmental sustainability of hotels on Zanzibar
InfoStart date: 28 February, 2018 End date: 27 February, 2023 Project type: Research collaboration projects in Danida priority countries (Window 1) Project code: 17-04-KU Countries: Tanzania Thematic areas: Economic development and value chains, Waste management, Lead institution: University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Public Health Partner institutions: State University of Zanzibar (SUZA), Department of Natural Science Open University of Tanzania, Irringa Regional Centre Zanzibar Ministry of Health, Malaria Elimination Programme Aalborg University (AAU), Department of Development and Planning, Denmark Copenhagen Business School (CBS), Department of International Economics and Management, Denmark Project website: go to website Project coordinator: Peter Furu Total grant: 9,996,580 DKK
Tourism is one of world’s largest economic sectors, generating 9.8% of global GDP and 284 million jobs to the global economy in 2015. However, the sector has also been criticized for operating in an unsustainable manner, impacting natural resources and human health. In order to consolidate and encourage commitments to implementing sustainable practices in tourism, United Nations declared 2017 as the year of sustainable tourism.
In Zanzibar, the adverse consequences of unsustainable tourism have become evident especially with the rapid expansion of the hotel sector. However, our understanding on how tourist hotels impact the natural and human environments and how to mitigate the impacts is incomplete. Studies show that in Zanzibar solid waste pollution and mosquito infestation are of great concern to visiting international tourists and the hotel staff. These studies also highlight that hotels generate 80% of all solid waste on the island of which only 20% are collected for proper disposal, and that hotels use large quantities of chemical insecticides in their attempt to control mosquito nuisance and risk of mosquito-borne infections. Focusing on solid waste management, environmental management of mosquitoes and organizational changes, this project will apply a new innovative multi-disciplinary methodology to understand how hotels can operate in a more sustainable manner by identifying the unsustainable processes and practices of solid waste and mosquito control management. The project will implement this new knowledge in an intervention study testing and assessing what is feasible and sustainable in terms of making lasting and effective changes to hotel management policies, processes and practices.