Forests play an important role for the livelihoods of poor people in developing countries. Yet, the poor often lack legal rights to the forest resources that they depend on. This renders them highly vulnerable to loss of access and displacement when valuable forest resources attract the interest of more powerful parties. In recent years forests’ ability to take up and store carbon has emerged as a new forest commodity as the international community attempts to reduce global CO2 emissions through REDD+ (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation). Although REDD+ operates with social safeguards there is a risk that local communities will lose access and rights to forests, especially because of the frequent existence of competing legal and customary rights of different stakeholders to the same forest. Furthermore, inequalities within communities may be heightened as some people manage to take advantage of new opportunities while others lose out. The project will investigate how REDD+ influences regulations and access to forest resources, the way compensation for foregone benefits is awarded, and to what degree local monitoring of carbon stocks and livelihood impacts of REDD+ can be used as a tool to empower local communities and help secure their rights in the face of REDD+.
Midterm report 2016:
Data collection instruments have been developed jointly by senior staff and PhDs for the three work-packages on governance, livelihoods and biodiversity. Joint development of criteria for site selection, pilot trips to identify suitable project sites, field trips, analysis of data and write-up of scientific papers.
3 PhD students have been enrolled at IPB, 2 PhD students have been enrolled at VNUA, and 1 PhD student has been enrolled at UEA. All 6 PhD students have received cosupervision and completed 6 months study stay at University of Copenhagen or Roskilde University.
Three write-up workshops for 6 PhD students (2 Indonesian, 2 Vietnamese, 2 Danish) were held at University of Copenhagen.
Danish senior staff and PhD students have given guest lectures held at IPB, ICS and
VNUA. Indonesian senior staff has given guest lecture at University of Copenhagen.