Green and Flexible District Heating/Cooling in Turkey


Start date: 1 May, 2019 End date: 30 April, 2022 Project type: Research collaboration projects in growth and transition countries (Window 2) Project code: 18-M06-AAU Countries: Turkey Thematic areas: Energy, Lead institution: Aalborg University (AAU), Denmark Partner institutions: Gazi University (GAZI), Turkey Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality (GMM), Turkey House of Energy, Denmark Gaziantep University (GAUN), Turkey Project website: go to website (the site might be inactive) Project coordinator: Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam Total grant: 4,880,981 DKK

Project summary

This project will lay the foundation for a future bottom-up energy system based on renewables, communities (from building-level up to cities and beyond), and flexibility providing better user motivation/engagement, stability, and transition to sustainability in Turkey to meet the climate commitments and improve economic competitiveness by employing the Danish experience on efficient heating/cooling technologies. The project will also develop a technical framework for optimal planning and operation of thermal energy devices and processes in small to large-scale energy communities supporting distributed heating/cooling generation, storage, conversion, and flexibility with respect to the technical constraints, regulations and policies.

At the core of the proposed structure in the project, energy communities of varying sizes collaborate to produce and consume energy. Increasingly, energy is produced, as well as consumed, converted, and stored, locally, by community-owned energy devices and processes, e.g., solar thermal, geothermal, thermal storage units, or heat pumps. Thermal energy flexibility (in time, amount, or type/technology) is the cross-cutting unifying aspect. An energy community can integrate with the existing thermal systems and other energy communities. Combining social science, physical engineering, and (computer) science, the project will develop the scientific foundations for this scenario, integrating novel business models, methods and designs based on thermal energy community user practices, a technical framework for energy devices and processes, and data and computing techniques for integration and optimization and demonstrate integrated solutions on several use cases.

The project contributes significantly to developing energy efficient and low-carbon solutions in both supply and demand sides while strengthening research capacity in collaborating countries.


Midterm report:
During this project work the following significant lessons have been learnt so far:
- Always be well prepared for sudden changes in project due to uncertain conditions such as key staff illness/leave during critical project phase or events such as COVID-19 which could affect the overall planned activities
- Understand clearly motivations of the project team and the project objectives
- Build trust among the project partners
- Develop clear agreements and be flexible
- View partnerships as a mindset not a formula
- Create daily to-do lists and hold regular meetings to assure technical quality

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