Green and Flexible District Heating/Cooling in Turkey
This project will lay the foundation for a future bottom-up energy system based on renewables, communities (from building-level up to cities and beyond), and flexibility providing better user motivation/engagement, stability, and transition to sustainability in Turkey to meet the climate commitments and improve economic competitiveness by employing the Danish experience on efficient heating/cooling technologies. The project will also develop a technical framework for optimal planning and operation of thermal energy devices and processes in small to large-scale energy communities supporting distributed heating/cooling generation, storage, conversion, and flexibility with respect to the technical constraints, regulations and policies. At the core of the proposed structure in the project, energy communities of varying sizes collaborate to produce and consume energy. Increasingly, energy is produced, as well as consumed, converted, and stored, locally, by community-owned energy devices and processes, e.g., solar thermal, geothermal, thermal storage units, or heat pumps. Thermal energy flexibility (in time, amount, or type/technology) is the cross-cutting unifying aspect. An energy community can integrate with the existing thermal systems and other energy communities. Combining social science, physical engineering, and (computer) science, the project will develop the scientific foundations for this scenario, integrating novel business models, methods and designs based on thermal energy community user practices, a technical framework for energy devices and processes, and data and computing techniques for integration and optimization and demonstrate integrated solutions on several use cases.
The project contributes significantly to developing energy efficient and low-carbon solutions in both supply and demand sides while strengthening research capacity in collaborating countries.