Climate-friendly and climate-resilient prawn farming in Bangladesh (ECOPRAWN)
InfoStart date: 1 April, 2022 End date: 31 December, 2026 Project type: Research projects in countries with extended development cooperation (earlier Window 1) Project code: 21-01-KU Countries: Bangladesh Thematic areas: Agricultural production, Climate change, Economic development and value chains, Lead institution: University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark Partner institutions: Danish Technical University (DTU), Aarhus, Denmark Patuakhali Science and Technology University (PSTU), Bangladesh Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Bangladesh Project coordinator: Max Nielsen Total grant: 11,999,526 DKK
ECOPRAWN aims to analyze both climate change mitigation and adaptation of prawn farming in Bangladesh and thereby meet the theme “Sustainable development and climate change”. Mitigation is implemented by introduction of Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) to reduce GHG emissions from prawn farming, while adaptation focuses at making the prawn industry resilient to salt intrusion.
The project will generate novel knowledge on (i) application of IMTA in prawn farming to minimize organic and inorganic waste and hereby reduce CO2/methane emissions from the ponds, (ii) conversion of prawn pond waste to fish feeds via snails, (iii) beneficial microbes that mitigate diseases caused by salinity stress in prawns and stimulate the growth and survival at salinity-threatened farms, (iv) economic feasibility of using IMTA for reducing GHG emissions and using microorganisms to adapt to salt intrusion, (v) the role of co-management in mitigating and adapting to climate change in poorly managed prawn aquaculture areas, and (vi) on integrating life-cycle assessment and climate preferences of consumers into value chain analysis of governance and power to reveal company incentives to reduce carbon footprint.
In the project, the PhDs will be trained in academic and practical disciplines, ranging from analysis of GHG fluxes and feasibility of IMTA, to application of state-of-the-art economy models. Further, during local thematic workshops, Danish experts will provide training in vital topics to ensure mediation of new and relevant knowledge.
The results will be disseminated to the private sector and public authorities through workshops, visits and interviews with farmers and actors in the value chain. The project aims at publishing a substantial number of articles in scientific journals, and the PhD students will be enrolled in double degree programs at UCPH. The project further aims to continue the well-functioning collaboration between the same participants as in the earlier FFU funded project “Upgrading pangas and tilapia value chains in Bangladesh (BANGFISH)”. This project was finalized in 2020 with education of 6 PhDs in close contact with the Industry and Governmental bodies in Bangladesh, and has resulted in about 35 scientific articles in international refereed journal. The ECOPRAWN project is expected to deliver a corresponding body of research capacity for improvement of the prawn and aquaculture community in Bangladesh.