Towards a just energy transition in Indonesia (JUSTIN)
InfoStart date: 1 April, 2022 End date: 30 September, 2024 Project type: Research collaboration projects in growth and transition countries (Window 2) Project code: 21-M05-DTU Countries: Indonesia Thematic areas: Climate change, Economic development and value chains, Energy, Lead institution: Danish Technical University (DTU), Aarhus, Denmark Partner institutions: Universitas Indonesia (UI), Indonesia Universitas Prasetiya Mulya, Indonesia Dala Institute, Indonesia University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa PT PLN (Persero), Indonesia Indonesia Renewable Energy Society (IRES), Indonesia Wind Denmark Project coordinator: Ivan Nygaard Total grant: 4,999,042 DKK
The overall objective of the project is to contribute to promote a just transition in the energy sector of emerging economies, including sustainable development of local communities and local industries. This in turn will contribute to a cleaner environment through reduced greenhouse gas emissions, green growth, increased employment, inclusive resource governance and poverty reduction.
The project will generate new knowledge on how renewable energy (RE) procurement schemes in Indonesia can be designed and implemented to achieve key societal development objectives, which are replicable in other latecomer countries. The immediate goal is that this knowledge can lead to procurement policies for RE, which contributes to achieve a just energy transition in Indonesia, including inclusive engagement of public agencies and private sector actors.
The research will be guided by the overall question of whether and how the design of RE procurement policies can contribute to a just energy transition Indonesia? The project will apply a theoretical framework based on the sustainability transitions literature combined with literatures on RE project financing and risks, the global value chain perspective and transition governance to explore three interlinked (sub) research questions and related hypotheses.
The project will contribute to enhance the research capacity of the younger researchers involved through working jointly in Indonesia under the guidance of senior staff from Indonesia and Denmark, though co-authorship of research papers, though joint research seminars, and research stays in Denmark. The project will further enhance the cross-disciplinary insights and experience of the involved research partners on the intersection between RE transitions and sustainable development.
It will draw on in-depth fieldwork carried out in Indonesia based on qualitative research methods, such as interviews, documents, direct observations and project inventories.
Through direct engagement with key policy makers and stakeholders, the project will seek to ensure that local developmental impacts are prioritized and ensured in RE procurement schemes currently being implemented in Indonesia and internationally. The project will contribute to socially inclusive models of implementation by private companies involved in solar and wind power projects by cooperating with renewable energy associations in Indonesia and Denmark.