Urban and Peri-urban Livestock Farming in Tanzania and Environmental and Health Challenges

Partner Institution(s): 
University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Sciences, Denmark
Start Date: 
January 1, 2013
End Date: 
December 31, 2017
Project Code: 
Total grant: 
DKK 4,969,526
Contact : 
Amandus P. Muhairwa

Urban and peri-urban livestock farming pose immense threat to public health, environment, animal health and welfare. The pilot phase provided significant findings, however, some impact-bearing tasks have not been accomplished in the pilot phase.

The pilot project did not study in detail the understanding of urban reaction to livestock production including perception of problems by the producers, perception of problems by the city dwellers and the perception of problems by city rulers. This information is important in influencing livestock policy changes regarding urban livestock farming.

The pilot project identified major challenges in animal waste disposal, but the actual quantities and economic use of the waste discharged, and the associated biological and chemical problems are not known. It is important to assess this, including the environmental and public health burdens associated with animal wastes before proper planning on management of animal wastes can be made.

The pilot project also did not dwell in mitigation measures of biological problems related to urban livestock production. It is necessary to look at transmission ways for pathogens, and ways of correction of chemical problems related to urban livestock production including toxic substances such as acaricides, antibimicrobials and other pollutants from animal wastes.

In addition to the basic information on perceptions towards animals welfare human attitudes towards animals established in the pilot phase of the project, more information is needed with regards to welfare of individual animals in the farms, during transportation and at slaughter. Further animal welfare as well as social studies is needed to understand which methods can be used to improve awareness and attitudes towards animals and their welfare.


Midterm report 2016
Mitigation studies have shown that number of harmful bacteria can be reduced in manure by simply piling up in air and in four weeks manure is safe to touch. This was proved by using bacteria found in manure. Another important observation is that even bacteria that are resistant to some antibiotics are killed by this procedure.

This page was last modified on 13 July 2017

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