Land Management System and its Associated Problems in the Process of Developing Satellite Cities in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
This project is about the future of urban Tanzania. It will investigate the dynamics of the land management system, urban governance and leadership in order to find out how an improved relationship of these variables can contribute to the present and future development of urban areas in Tanzania. The main project objectives are to: 1. Find out why and to what extent the interlink ages between the dynamics of the land management system, urban governance and leadership are failing to meet the present needs of urban Tanzania. 2. Develop mechanisms/ways to mitigate the challenges faced by the land management system, urban governance and leadership to meet the needs of the present and future urban Tanzania. The proposed project will have the following major activities: 1. Developing the research proposal through a workshop attended by all participants. 2. Training on methodological issues to people involved in the research project and conducting a pilot study. 3. Fieldwork in Dar es Salaam and six fast growing and emerging towns. 4. Data processing and analysis. 5. Feedback seminars to respondents and policy makers. 6. Training of various stakeholders from sectors of land management system, urban governance and leadership. 7. Dissemination of findings and project windup. The study will contribute to improved urban management in present and future urban Tanzania.
The Research Project is entitled Land Management, Urban Governance and Leadership: The Future of Urban Tanzania.
The results indicate that (a) Experts for managing land are not enough in Dar es Salaam and towns of Tanzania;(b) Master Plans in Dar es Salaam and many towns are not participatory and outdated with a number of implications including poor coordination of activities undertaken on land in the city and towns (c) Tanzania does not have land value map (d) Building societies and real estate developers are not well developed (e) Surveying sector is limited with personnel and equipments (f) There is political interference on the enforcement of the compliances of urban laws, rules and regulations (g) Land governance is yet to be prioritized in the national policies.(h) Leadership at the grassroots level which constitute the root for effective policy implementation is not strong.
The impact of the project is in the following areas: (i) Communication: There has been an enhanced communication between (a) Danish and Tanzanian researchers in the field of research and teaching activities (b) Tanzanian researchers and policy makers of various Tanzanian Ministries (ii) Decision making: e.g. The leadership of Chalinze small town has built the capacity in making decision on identified another source of increasing revenues as a result of the study/interruption with the leadership (iii) Policy makers: They are eagerly waiting for the study recommendations.