The Impact of Violence on Reproductive Health Tanzania and Vietnam (PAVE)

Start date
January 1, 2013
End date
December 31, 2018
Project code
Total grant
Contact person
Tine Gammeltoft

This project begins from the assumption that to advance sexual and
reproductive health and rights (SRHR), intimate partner violence (IPV)
must be addressed. Research shows that violence against women is
associated with significant SRH problems and that the most common
form of violence is that performed by a male partner. This project takes a
two-country comparative approach, aiming to highlight how cultural
norms, social forces, and gender relations structure experiences of and
responses to violence.
While the overall relationships between violence and SRH are by now
well established, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the more
specific associations. First, it is not clear HOW IPV affects SRH: there is
a lack of prospective studies of the underlying local-level processes
through which associations between IPV and SRH are generated.
Second, it is not clear how the primary health care sector can best
address this problem, as lack of knowledge about the pathways by which
violence impacts SRH hampers health sector capacities to care for
women exposed to violence. Viewing violence against women as a
human rights abuse, this project aims to produce new interdisciplinary
knowledge about the linkages between IVP and SRH with particular
emphasis on health sector responses. The research will be conducted in
Tanzania and Vietnam, two countries with socialist histories where
national surveys show high IPV prevalence and governments express
commitment to combat gender inequalities.


Midterm Report 2016:

In Tanzania and Vietnam, all data collection has been completed. The PAVE project data sets include detailed epidemiological information about pregnant women’s exposure to intimate partner violence and about the consequences of violence for women’s reproductive health (pre-term birth, low birth weight deliveries, and perinatal depression). The data sets also include ethnographic research on women’s experiences and modes of coping with partner violence. In both countries, data analyses have been conducted and write-up is ongoing.

Further, the PAVE project has organized training courses and writing workshops, and publication outputs currently include several articles in peer reviewed journals. All four PhD theses are well underway towards completion. The project has also organized a pilot intervention aiming at the provision of informal support for new mothers who experience mental health problems as a consequence of life challenges such as intimate partner violence.