Participation of developing countries in institutions of global governance is key to the promotion of peace, security and stability. This project investigates links between UN peacekeeping contributions, domestic security provision and drivers of stability in Ghana. By generating knowledge on how participation in international peacekeeping shapes the legitimacy and effectiveness of security institutions and practices in troop contributing countries, it offers insight into dynamics of peace- and state building. The project tests the hypotheses that global peacekeeping participation: a) results in the assembling of new practices, norms and discourses that shape the organization and provision of domestic security in public and private domains, b) strengthens the legitimacy and effectiveness of domestic security organization and provision, and c) promotes national security interests and drivers of regional stability. To explore the correlation between peacekeeping participation and domestic security, the notion of ‘peacekeeping assemblages’ is introduced. This notion draws attention to how security is structured by local-global and private-public relations, thus calling for a reassessment of more state oriented approaches to security provision and peacekeeping. By showing how the global is productive of the local, the project contributes to scholarly debates on entanglements of institutions, actors, practices, norms and discourses, and the production of novel forms of security governance. The project thus fills a significant empirical and theoretical knowledge gap on the side effects of peacekeeping on troop contributing countries in the global South. Furthermore, it contributes to international policy-making on the promotion of legitimate security institutions, stabilization and conflict prevention through participation in global governance. The project is implemented by a consortium of Danish and Ghanaian research institutions, and will strengthen research capacity and international competitiveness in the areas of security and peacebuilding, and enhance South-South and North-South research partnerships.
The project, Domestic Security Implications of UN Peacekeeping in Ghana, has in its first year established a base from which to do the research. Through several meetings and an inception workshop in January 2019 with all team members present, a theoretical, methodological and empirical point of departure has been agreed. Three PhD students have been recruited and started their studies at the University of Ghana in February 2019, two policy briefs on Ghana’s role in peacekeeping have been published, a newspaper article communicating the focus of the project was published in the Danish daily Jyllands-Posten, and a well-attended seminar on West African security was held at DIIS in Copenhagen with some key D-SIP team members presenting. The project received considerable coverage in Ghanaian newspapers at its launch in January 2019 at the KAIPTC. Now, fieldwork is underway with a view to putting together a special issue of the Ghana-based journal, Contemporary Journal for African Studies.