The objective of the project is to identify research-based strategies for increasing climate change resilience within urban mobility, accessibility and transport in Accra, Ghana. Mobility within the urban areas is a basic need for urban residents because of the strong links between mobility and livelihood. Climate change induced mobility-constraints have a number of consequences, including reducing access to work places, markets and services. Expected consequences of climate change are increased levels and frequency of flooding, impacting an urban transport system which is already challenged by poor road conditions and congestion, as well as very rapid spatial expansion of the city. The proposed research project applies an interdisciplinary approach building upon the combined competences of team partners in Denmark and Ghana within 1) climate change and urban flooding, 2) urban planning and accessibility analysis, and 3) mobility patterns and livelihood vulnerability. This research effort will provide an understanding of the links between climate change, urban flooding, urban accessibility and the mobility of urban residents. The project will provide extensive training and supervision to enhance research capacity in the field. It will develop new methods for analyzing and mapping flood vulnerability and urban accessibility, and provide new policy and planning measures to advance the sustainable urban development agenda.
Within the first year of the project the inception workshop and the initial interviews in selected neighborhoods corroborated the relevance of the projects and its interdisciplinary approach. The comprehensive study of both: 1) urban livelihoods and mobility patterns 2) climate change and urban flooding and 3) impacts of flooding on mobility and transport is necessary to provide a framework for understanding the vulnerability associated with fluctuating mobility levels due to more frequent extreme weather events, and to identify resilience strategies. Currently, the project has facilitated an inception workshop with participation and presentations from a number of stakeholders. Initial training and discussions on flood risk assessment and application of drone data has been conducted in Copenhagen and a first model of flood-prone areas produced for further validation. A report on expected regional CC impacts has been published. Spatially distributed population, transport and urban growth models have been established. Two PhD students have enrolled at University of Ghana.