Biofuel production from lignocellulosic materials


Partner Institution(s): 
KNUST, Department of Chemical Engineering, Ghana
Zoomlion Ghana Ltd, Ghana
CSIR-Soil Research Institute, Ghana
Start Date: 
July 1, 2010
End Date: 
November 1, 2016
Project Code: 
10-018RISØ
Total grant: 
DKK 10,552,258
Contact : 
Anne S. Meyer
Email: 
am@kt.dtu.dk
Countries: 
Ghana
Description: 

This project will produce second generation biofuels (bioethanol, biogas and biodiesel) from lignocellulosic materials like agricultural and industrial residuals, manure and household waste. Agricultural residuals such as rice husks obtained after harvesting of rice, are usually considered wastes which are discarded. Also sawdusts generated in the wood industry are usually also discarded. Household wastes are not treated today in Ghana - only placed at dump sites. These wastes could be used in a much more sustainable way, producing biofuels instead. With Ghana's commitment to increase its biofuel capacity, this will go a long way to serve that purpose. The use of such biomasses for production of a second generation of biofuels will change the society from a society increasing applying fossil fuel to a modern biomass based society with both socio-economic and ecological consequences. The project will develop and adopt sustainable biofuel production systems for three different types of communities: rural, cooperatives and large cities. The liquid biofuels can be used for agricultural equipment used on the farms to increase production, fuels for the transportation sector and provide power for villagers if the the village is not connected to the national grid. The biogas can be used for cooking and light, or be converted to electricity or used the transportation sector. In addition, residuals from biofuel production will be used as fertilizer adding value and sustainability to the whole process.

Output: 

Midterm report 2015
The project has enabled significant capacity building within renewable energy production in Ghana, with respect to:
1) Establishing a significant knowledge platform,
2) Generating technical facilities for experimental bioenergy production from biomass and household waste at KNUST, including analytical assessments for industrial decision making,
3) Generation of novel generic research insight into all aspects of the project area: prediction methods for biomass evaluation, pretreatment technology of biomass for processing (for easy adaptation in low-economy countries), research tools for extrapolation of the work,
4) New knowledge for future-directed development and implementation of bioenergy production from lignocellulosics and house hold waste in Ghana. All objectives have been met, and furthermore new research initiatives in the direction of establishing local production of fungal enzymes for biomass conversion and utilizing new biomass eg water hyacinths as lignocellulosic feedstock as suggested by the Ghanaian environmental Protection Agency.

This page was last modified on 04 July 2016

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