University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Faculty of Science, Department of Food and Resource Economics

Access-Authority Nexus in Farmer-Herder Conflicts

Project summary The ‘Access-authority nexus in farmer-herder conflicts’ (AAN) project investigates the dynamic processes of formation and erosion of access, identities and authority in spatial and historical perspectives. Through a theoretical l ...

Rights and Resilience in Kenya (RARE)

There is increasing attention to the role of land as a critical asset in climate change adaptation, and a realization that land uses, livelihood practices, and investments related to adaptation strategies all require access to land. However, research ... First year report Development objective: Ensure secure and peaceful access to land for climate change adaptation and thereby resilience of pastoralists and all Kenyan citizens. Immediate objective: produce and disseminate insights for improve ...

Property, Access and eXclusion (AX)

AX examines how each set of actors along Ghana’s charcoal chain gain or maintain access to benefits. Access, defined as the ability to benefit from things, is controlled and maintained via a broad repertoire of social and structural means including ... Midterm Report: #1: Two PhD studies completed; 
#2: One MPhil completed; 5 more are underway. 
#3: Five journal papers published; 
#4: First AX national charcoal stakeholder forum convened April 2016. Proce ...

The Timber Rush: Private Forestry in Village Land

A little known timber rush is going on in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania primarily driven by domestic investments. Recent reports and government project documents estimate that private forest plantations are increasing fast and that the large pr ... Midterm report 2018: Objective 1:
Two PhD students enrolled in PhD studies at SUA and UoC Fieldwork completed and researchers have published articles and are still working on other manuscripts for publication
Output # 1

Upgrading pangas and tilapia value chains in Bangladesh

Growth in aquaculture is important because it can help alleviate poverty by providing food and creating jobs in Bangladesh. The purpose is to promote green growth in freshwater pangas/tilapia aquaculture by providing knowledge on how to improve wate ... Extra midterm report 2018: Objectives: The project has created multi-faceted knowledge of water quality, best farm management practice and value chain functioning in many dimensions, revealed by the different ref articles. More knowledge ...

Enhancing Productivity, Market Access and Income of Small Farming Businesses in Tanzania: Potentials and Limitations in Contract Farming

The project portfolio for phase 2 consists of three separate sub-projects that all are nourished by research findings from phase 1. The three sub-projects are tied together by emerging or changing contractual systems, the overarching issue examined ... Midterm report 2016 As indicated in the project status above, during 2015 the main focus was on capacity building for PhD students, proposal development and conduct of field surveys for all three sub-projects. For Objective 1 and Output ...

Innovations and Markets for Lake Victoria Fisheries (IMLAF)

The proposed project titled “Innovations and Markets for Lake Victoria Fisheries” (IMLAF) will be carried out in the Lake Victoria basin of Tanzania. Its main objective is to catalyze socio-economic growth through expansion of markets for Nile perch ... Midterm report 2017: a)There is high level of income inequalities between processors and traders; imperfect competitive market, market is less efficient; existing business model is the advance financing through social capital; main processing ...

Organic Cotton for Employment, Growth and Environment?

We will assess the potential of organic cotton production to improve the livelihoods of millions of poor households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). These households depend on production, trading, or processing of cotton but are at risk of losing their ... Midterm report 2017: We have collected experimental data on yields, environmental impacts and profitability of different cotton production methods and the results are analysed in several working papers in preparation for publication in scient ...

Science and Power in Participatory Forestry (SCIFOR)

With the purposes of improving forest conservation as well as rural peoples’ livelihoods in less developed countries, local communities are increasingly becoming involved in managing forests. Yet, evidence that these purposes are met is scarce, and ... Project Completion Report: SCIFOR examines the justifications, motivations, and role in practical forest management of scientific forestry principles as it unfolds in educative institutions, bureaucracies, and communities and forests – focusi ...

Valorizing Green Growth in Africa (VALOR)

Africa has untapped potential for creating monetary value from origin products in the same way ham from Parma and other highly valuable EU agricultural origin food products registered with ‘protected’ Geographical Indications (GIs) add 15 billion Eu ...
Project completion report:

5 articles published in international peer reviewed journals, 1 PhD thesis published, 1 PhD thesis in press, at least two further PhD theses submitted, in addition two international journal manuscr ...

Transiting to green growth: natural resources in Nepal

In recent years, increasing global concerns for the well-being of the earth’s environmental resources and growing human population has led to the emergence of the concept of the green economy: how can human well-being and environmental resource mana ... First-year report 2016: The aim is to understand the global production network for Nepalese medicinal and aromatic plants, from harvesting sites to end user consumption decisions. Data collection in the 15 district survey and the Tibet border ...

REDD+, -the forest grab of all times?

Forests play an important role for the livelihoods of poor people in developing countries. Yet, the poor often lack legal rights to the forest resources that they depend on. This renders them highly vulnerable to loss of access and displacement when ... Project Completion Report: Thirty peer-reviewed scientific papers has been published in international journals. Moreover, nine scientific papers have been published in national journals, mostly Open Access. In addition four book chapters has ...

GREEiNSECT – Insects for green economy

Demand for animal protein in developing countries is predicted to double by 2050 putting pressure on protein sources for food and animal feed, such as soya and fish. More sustainable protein sources are urgently needed. Entomophagy – the consumption ... Project completion report: Overall, the outputs from the project have been achieved. Of the PhD students, 5 have graduated and 2 students with delayed start have completed all research and by the end of 2018 are close to submitting. Summarizi ...

Productivity and Growth in Organic Value-chains (ProGrOV)

The growing organic sector is an example of private/market led development. The rationale for the project is that organic agriculture has the potential to improve yields and natural resource management and link farmers to high value markets for impr ... Project completion report:
ProGrOV has strengthened the research-based knowledge for supporting increased productivity and sustainable growth in organic production and value chains, and built capacity for future development of organic agric ...

Technological and Market Options for Managing Climate Change Induced Risks for Smallholder Farmers in Northern Ghana

This study aims to undertake an economic analysis of technological, institutional and policy strategies for managing the effects of climatic variability and market risks in smallholder maize-legume systems in the northern regions of Ghana. The overa ... Completion report: Climate change is likely to affect (and is already affecting) the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in many parts of Africa in a negative way. African smallholders are particularly vulnerable to adverse changes in agro-cli ...

Do the methods matter? Comparing intra-household versus household level approach to quantifying income in Nepal

Abstract: Lack of studies comparing household’s income at household and intrahousehold level means that there is scant/no evidence on the differences in income estimates when using household and individual as a unit of analysis across dif ...

All-Women vs. Mixed-Gender Community Forest User Groups in Nepal; which model serves womens interests best?

Abstract: Although there are, on paper, 1072 All-Women Community Forest User Groups (AWCFUGs) in Nepal, this concept, and its impact on female empowerment, decision-making, participation and so forth has never been fully explored. Drawing on th ...

By whose rules, for whose needs? The power of elites, livelihood implications and potential for resistance in two Nepalese community forest user groups

Abstract: The Nepalese community forestry program entitles user groups to autonomously manage their forest within the confines of an officially approved operational plan. While widely considered a conservation success, recent discourses on elit ...

IINVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ATTITUDES, INTENTION AND ILLEGAL GRAZING BEHAVIOR IN THE SERENGETI ECOSYSTEM USING THE THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR

Abstract: Protected areas (PAs), the cornerstones of biodiversity conservation, have often had adverse social impacts on local communities due to evictions, human-wildlife conflicts and restrictions on access to natural resources. The link betw ...

ANALYSING PROTECTED AREA-PEOPLE RELATIONS IN COMMUNITIES BORDERING THE SERENGETI ECOSYSTEM, TANZANIA: A CONSERVATION CASE STUDY IN WELL-BEING IMPACTS AND ATTITUDES

Abstract: Protected areas (PAs), the cornerstones of biodiversity conservation, have often had adverse social impacts on local communities due to evictions, human-wildlife conflicts and restrictions on access to natural resources. The link betw ...

Livelihoods and niche markets – A case study of smallholder Kenyan bee keepers

Abstract
Local organic certification schemes offer opportunities for poor rural smallholders to be certified and benefit from organic niche markets access, even if only locally or regionally. Development agencies have increasingly supporte ...

Productivity, Market Access and Incomes for Small farming businesses through Contracts

One of the recent innovations and new approaches for addressing the problem of market access and inadequate farm income amongst smallholder commercial farmers in developing economies is the development of integrated systems of agricultural productio ... Completion report: Resuts for Objectives 1 and Output 2:

Sources of technical efficiency included proper usage of improved seed varieties; timely undertaking of farm activities (land preparation, planting, weeding, fertilizer a ...

Agricultural growth and poverty pockets (AGROPOP)

Several countries in Asia have experienced rapid growth and diversification of agricultural production due to combined demand from both the domestic and the global markets. The growth and diversification processes take place in agricultural growth r ... Project completion report: The Mekong River Delta is an example of industrialization via strategic coupling between global production networks and resource-rich regions. Especially the region’s rice and seafood industries have experienced rem ...

Value-added processing of underutilised savanna tree seeds for improved food security and income generation in West Africa

The West African savanna region has a fragile ecological system that is vulnerable to prolonged droughts and food shortages. It is shared by countries with some of the lowest per capita incomes in the world. The region is however well endowed with u ... Completion Report - Summary The project has aimed to optimize the processing of seeds from three semi-domesticated and wild trees common to the savanna region i.e. African locust bean, baobab and kapok trees, as means of improving income gene ...

From the forest to the farm

Abstract: Fodder resources play an essential role in the mixed farming systems of the Middle Hills of Nepal. However different factors have limited farming householders' access to these resources; deforestation, community forestry and out-m ...

Community based forest management in the Himalayas III

This project uses and expands unique time-series data to study household-level climate change adaptation strategies in Nepal. The project is jointly developed and implemented by the Institute of Forestry, the Department of Forest Research and Survey ... Completion Report - Summary: Project results include research and capacity building. Joint research was undertaken in four sites across the physiographic zones of Nepal where forests are managed by local communities. The data collected includ ...

Agribusiness entrepreneurship in Tanzania

Donor agencies and developing country governments have started to target agroindustry private sector development and agribusiness. Entrepreneurship, innovation, and change have become major imperatives for enhancing sector performance and stimulatin ... Completion report - Summary: Although entrepreneurship has started to receive much support, very few entrepreneurs manage to successfully grow their organizations. This project supported a PhD study to empirically investigate this problem by ...

Why is REDD+ the answer and what was the question? A critical analysis of forest policy discourse in Tanzania

Abstract: This thesis explores and compares two periods of policy discourse on the problem of deforestation and forest degradation (D&D) in Tanzania, when two different solutions were being piloted: Participatory Forest Management (PFM), fr ...

REDD-PLUS – Inclusion of degradation in baselines

Developing countries are preparing for the next global climate regime to follow the Kyoto protocol in 2012 and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhancing forest carbon stocks (REDD-PLUS) was recognised at COP 15. To d ... Project Completion Report: This PhD project investigated new ways to estimate carbon emissions from forest degradation in dry forest in Tanzania by use of satellite imagery and spatial analysis. The major anthropogenic degrading activities at ...

The Role of Operational Plans in shaping Forest Management Practices: Examples from Nepalese Community Forestry

Abstract: The Community Forestry (CF) program in Nepal has long been considered a prime example of forest decentralization among developing countries. However, concerns are raised about the inventory based management regime introduced by the Ne ...

Barriers to Upgrading of Cocoa production at the farm level in Southeast Sulawesi

Abstract
The Indonesian cocoa sector has expanded vividly in recent years, but the recent boom in the incidence of cocoa pests and diseases on the island of Sulawesi has resulted in a crisis in the cocoa production at the farm level. The c ...

Climate change and rural livelihoods in Nepal

The aim of the project is to investigate consequences of climate change for the livelihoods of rural populations in three areas in Nepal and how people try to adapt to these changes. Emphasis will be on rural people’s own perceptions, experiences an ... Project Completion Report: Climate change is already visible in Nepal in the form of melting snow, more unreliable rain and increasing temperatures. These changes are noticed by local people and are felt through their impacts on crop yields. ...

Cattle raiding conflict management in Kenya

Although long perceived as a beacon of development in East Africa, recent violence has made visible the political instability of Kenya. Cattle raiding, while originally a traditional mechanism of acquiring bridewealth and redistributing resources, h ... Project Completion Report 2013: The project was framed through a human security perspective as the data generated highlighted the interconnected nature of cattle rustling with other forms of natural resource conflict suth as human-wildlife co ...

Corporate social responsibility: the case of forestry in Ghana

The Ghanaian forest resources provide important welfare benefits such as livelihood maintenance, carbon storage and economic growth. A high rate of deforestation threatens the continued provision of these benefits. Weakly enforced government regulat ... Project Completion Report: Title of PhD: what shapes policy reform ? Forest policy implementation in Ghana   This thesis deals with the factors shaping forest policy output during the stages implementation and bases it's main m ...

Closing the gap – integrating forest research outcomes in nominal forest policy formation

The overall objective of this PhD project is to contribute to a better understanding of the science- policy interface in developing countries by investigating the contemporary role of forestry research outcomes in nominal forest policy formation.

Participatory forest management (PFM) for rural livelihoods, forest conservation and good governance in Tanzania.

Over the last decade, the government of Tanzania has increasingly supported delegation of management rights over forest resources to local communities through participatory forest management (PFM). This has created a pressing need for further resear ... Project Completion Report: This project investigated whether and to which degree the concept of participatory forest management (PFM) in Tanzania has delivered on its triple objective; (i) forest conservation, (ii) improved rural livelihoods ...

An asset based approach for assessing poverty dynamics, poverty traps, and poverty-environmental relations in Nepal

The project aims at contributing to the understanding of poverty dynamics in developing countries. The project focuses on developing an asset model that identifies types of poor with regard to their expected welfare status. The research is novel, as ... Project completion report: The project aimed to examine economic mobility among Nepalese households - in terms of their value added (or loss) of assets over a period of 10 years (2001-2011). The aim was to identify specific types of poor - th ...